Theoretical study of homogeneous electron self-exchange in polar aromatic molecules: the role of the reactant structure

The solvent reorganization energies λ0 of the electron self-exchange reaction between neutral molecules (nitrobenzene, its five para-substituted derivatives and benzonitrile) and the corresponding radical anions are discussed in terms of the Kirkwood approach combined with a semi-empirical calculation of the reactant structure (AM1 and intermediate neglect of differential overlap (INDO) methods). The theoretical values of λ0 are compared with the experimental reorganization energies λ calculated from the Marcus equation and the homogeneous rate constants kex. It is found that the values of λ0 obtained using the INDO method are approximately equal to the experimental λ, whereas the AM1 method gives poor results for para-substituted nitrobenzenes. The linear correlation of log kex with aN 2 where aN is a nitrogen coupling constant, established for para-substituted nitrobenzenes is interpreted. A simple criterion for slow electron transfer of an arbitrary flat polar arene is formulated in terms of the reactant structure and the model of the "specifying group" suggested earlier by some of the authors. © 1994.

Авторы
Vener M.V. 1 , Ioffe N.T.2 , Cheprakov A.V.3 , Mairanovsky V.G.2
Редакторы
-
Издательство
-
Номер выпуска
1-2
Язык
Английский
Страницы
33-39
Статус
Опубликовано
Подразделение
-
Номер
-
Том
370
Год
1994
Организации
  • 1 Center of Science and Education, People's Friendship University, Moscow, 117302, Russian Federation
  • 2 Institute of Vitamin Research, Nauchny Pr.14-A, Moscow, 117820, Russian Federation
  • 3 Chemistry Department, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119899, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
-
Дата создания
19.10.2018
Дата изменения
19.10.2018
Постоянная ссылка
https://repository.rudn.ru/ru/records/article/record/941/