Multipotent stromal cells stimulate liver regeneration by influencing the macrophage polarization in rat

AIM: To investigate the influence of the umbilical cordderived multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) on recovery of the liver after the subtotal resection, that is, removal of 80% of the organ mass, a renowned model of the small-for-size liver remnant syndrome. METHODS: The MSCs were obtained from the intervascular tissue of umbilical cords, dissected from rat fetuses, by the explant culture technique. The vital labeling of MSCs with PKH26 was carried out on the 3rd passage. The subtotal resection was performed on male Sprague-Dawley rats. The experimental group animals received a transplant 106 MSCs infused into the spleen. Hepatocyte proliferation was assessed by counting of either mitotic figures or Ki67-positive cells in microscopic images. MSC differentiation was assessed with antibodies to hepatocyte-specific marker cytokeratin 18 (CK18), cholangiocyte-specific protein CK19, smooth muscle cell-specific protein α-SMA, the endothelial cell marker CD31, or the active fibroblast marker FAPα. Total macrophages of the liver were selectively stained in cryosections incubated with anti-CD68 antibodies (1:100, Abcam), while the M2a and M2c macrophage populations were selectively stained with anti-CD206 antibodies. Expression of interleukin and growth factor genes was evaluated with PCR-RT. RESULTS: Intrasplenic allogeneic transplantation of the umbilical cord-derived multipotent stromal cells stimulates reparative processes within the residual liver tissue after subtotal resection (removal of 80% of the organ mass), as indicated by increased rates of hepatocyte proliferation and accelerated organ mass recovery. These effects may result from paracrine influence of the transplanted cells on the resident macrophage population of the liver. The transplantation favors polarization of macrophages to M2 phenotype (the M2-polarized macrophages specifically express CD206; they are known to suppress inflammation and support tissue repair). No differentiation of the transplanted cells into any of the liver cell types have been observed in the study. CONCLUSION: We found no direct evidence for the paracrine effect of MSCs on liver regeneration after the subtotal liver resection in rats. However, the paracrine mechanism of the therapeutic activity of transplanted MSC is indirectly indicated by a decrease in the total number of CD68 + macrophages and an increase in the proportion of M2 pro-repair macrophages in the regenerating liver as compared to animals in which the transplantation was only mimicked. © The Author(s) 2018.

Elchaninov A. 1, 2 , Fatkhudinov T. 1, 2 , Usman N.1 , Arutyunyan I. 1, 3 , Makarov A. 1, 4 , Lokhonina A. 1, 2 , Eremina I. 2 , Surovtsev V. 2 , Goldshtein D.5 , Bolshakova G.3 , Glinkina V.4 , Sukhikh G.1
Baishideng Publishing Group Co
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  • 1 National Medical Research Center for Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology, Academician V.I.Kulakov of Ministry of Healthcare of Russian Federation, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation
  • 2 Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 3 Scientific Research Institute of Human Morphology, Moscow, 117418, Russian Federation
  • 4 Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation
  • 5 Research Center of Medical Genetics, Moscow, 115478, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Liver; Macrophages; Multipotent stromal cells; Regeneration
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