Anthropogenic soils and landscapes of European Russia: Summer school from sea to sea—A didactic prototype

Field excursions and trainings are considered a key component of education programs in soil and environmental sciences. They allow mastering students’ practical skills in sampling and onsite assessments and improve understanding of ecosystem integrity and complexity. Urbanization has a substantial impact on soil properties and functions; however, field courses focused on urban soils are rare. We present a didactic prototype and the outcomes of the “Monitoring, Modeling, and Management of Urban Green Infrastructure and Soils (3MUGIS)” summer school—the first educational tour observing anthropogenic soils and landscapes along the bioclimatic gradient in European Russia, from tundra to dry steppes. Didactic learning was based on a studying-by-doing approach; students were involved in environmental assessment in multiple regions varying in climatic and socioeconomic features. Considering the high spatial heterogeneity of urban ecosystems, we used express techniques (portable X-ray fluorescence, infrared gas analyzers) for onsite soil analysis at multiple replicas. The data collected were discussed with local and international experts from Russia, Germany, the United States, and France in the context of regional environmental problems (e.g., pollution, soil degradation, and urban expansion). Students discovered zonal changes in vegetation (e.g., increasing tree height and diversity from north taiga to forest steppes) and soil properties (e.g., a gradual increase in pH and changes in soil organic C), as well as urban-specific processes and features (e.g., urban heat island effect or soil artifacts). The overall student feedback was very positive (50.8% excellent, 36% good); some specific organizational issues will be addressed for future 3MUGIS summer schools. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Environmental Quality © 2020 American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America

Vasenev V.I. 1 , Slukovskaya M.V. 1, 2, 3 , Cheng Z. 4, 5 , Paltseva A.A. 1, 4, 5 , Nehls T.6 , Korneykova M.V. 1, 7 , Vasenev I.I. 1, 8 , Romzaykina O.N. 1 , Ivashchenko K.V. 1, 9 , Sarzhanov D.A. 1 , Sotnikova Y.L. 1 , Ryzhkov O.V.10 , Alaeva L.A.11 , Belik A.V.11 , Devyatova T.A.11 , Gorbov S.N.12 , Bezuglova O.S.12 , Dolgikh A.V. 1, 13 , Konstantinov P.I. 1, 14 , Konstantinova A.V. 1 , Yaroslavtsev A.M. 1, 8 , Chernyshova M.S. 1 , Morin T. 15 , Ryazanov A.V. 1 , Gosse D.D. 16 , Dovletyarova E.A. 1
John Wiley and Sons Inc
  • 1 Dep. of Landscape Design and Sustainable Ecosystems, RUDN Univ., Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 Lab. of Nature-inspired Technologies and Environmental Safety of the Arctic, Federal Research Centre Kola Science Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Murmansk Region, Russian Federation
  • 3 Tananaev Institute of Chemistry and Technology of Rare Elements and Mineral Raw Materials—Subdivision of the Federal Research Centre Kola Science Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Murmansk Region, Russian Federation
  • 4 Dep. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Brooklyn College of The City Univ. of New York, Brooklyn, NY, United States
  • 5 PhD Program in Earth & Environmental Sciences, The Graduate Center of The City Univ. of New York, New York, NY, United States
  • 6 Technische Univ. Berlin, Berlin, Germany
  • 7 Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems—Subdivision of the Federal Research Centre, Kola Science Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Murmansk region, Russian Federation
  • 8 Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Russian State Agrarian Univ., Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 9 Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
  • 10 The Central Chernozems State Biosphere Reserve named by V. Alekhin, Zapovednoe, Kursk Region, Russian Federation
  • 11 Dep. of Ecology, Voronezh State Univ., Voronezh, Russian Federation
  • 12 Southern Federal Univ., Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
  • 13 Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 14 Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State Univ., Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 15 New York City Urban Soils Institute, New York, NY, United States
  • 16 Faculty of Soil Science, Lomonosov Moscow State Univ., Moscow, Russian Federation
Ecosystems; Students; X ray spectrometers; Bioclimatic gradients; Environmental assessment; Environmental problems; Infrared gas analyzers; Organizational issues; Portable x-ray fluorescence; Spatial heterogeneity; Urban Heat Island Effects; Soils
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Radzinsky V.E., Anufrieva V.G., Belinina A.A., Bespalaya A.V., Dolgushina V.F., Zhilno E.Y.U., Zazerskaya I.E., Katkova N.Y.U., Klimova O.I., Korotkikh I.N., Kravchenko E.N., Kutsenko I.G., Lebedenko E.Y., Loseva V.V., Mingaleva N.V., Molchanova I.V., Ordiyants I.M., Padrul M.M., Pashov A.I., Protopopova N.V., Rosyuk E.A., Rymashevsky M.A., Sablina N.V., Salov I.A., Sokolova T.M., Spiridonova N.V.
Akusherstvo i Ginekologiya. ООО «Бионика Медиа». Vol. 2020. 2020. P. 160-168