Effects of plasmochemical treatments and cerium additions on the structural characteristics and activity of copper catalyst particles in isopropanol dehydrogenation

The effect of the treatment of the 5 wt % Cu/SiO 2 (I) and (5 wt % Cu + 0.5 wt % Ce)/SiO 2 (II) catalysts with glow discharge plasma in O 2, H 2, and Ar on their structural characteristics was studied by X-ray phase analysis; the influence of cerium additions and plasmochemical treatments on the catalyst activity in isopropanol dehydrogenation was also investigated. Under the plasmochemical treatment, the diameters of Cu particles in catalyst I nearly doubled and microstresses in the metal particles also changed. Catalyst II was X-ray amorphous both before and after plasmochemical treatments. The activity of I after plasmochemical treatment increased because of the increase in the number of centers and changes in their composition. Growth of the activity of I compared with the activity of II was explained by the formation of new catalytic centers due to positive charging of the C +α e adatom on the surface of the copper particle. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2012.

Editors
-
Publisher
-
Number of issue
8
Language
English
Pages
1196-1198
Status
Published
Department
-
Number
-
Volume
86
Year
2012
Organizations
  • 1 Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords
Activity in dehydrogenation; Copper catalyst; Plasmochemical treatment
Date of creation
19.10.2018
Date of change
19.10.2018
Short link
https://repository.rudn.ru/en/records/article/record/2279/