Crop Yield Prediction Using Multi Sensors Remote Sensing (Review Article)
Pre-harvest prediction of a crop yield may prevent a disastrous situation and help decision-makers to
apply more reliable and accurate strategies regarding food security. Remote sensing has numerous
returns in the area of crop monitoring and yield prediction which are closely related to differences in soil, climate, and any biophysical and biochemical changes. Different remote techniques could be used for crop monitoring and yield prediction including multi and hyper spectral data, radar and lidar imagery. This study reviews the potentialities, advantages and disadvantages of each technique and the applicability of these techniques under different agricultural conditions. It also shows the different methods in which these techniques could be used efficiently. In addition, the study expects future scenarios of remote sensing applications in vegetation monitoring and the ways to overcome any obstacles that may face this work. It was found that using satellite data with high spatial resolution are still the most powerful method to be used for crop monitoring and to monitor crop parameters. Assessment of crop spectroscopic parameters through field or laboratory devices could be used to identify and quantify many crop biochemical and biophysical parameters. They could be also used as early indicators of plant infections; however, these techniques are not efficient for crop monitoring over large areas.