Programmable births in gestational diabetes mellitus: Minimizing risks - Improving maternal and perinatal outcomes [Программированные роды при гестационном сахарном диабете: минимизация рисков - улучшение материнских и перинатальных исходов]

Background. Modernity is characterized by an avalanche-like increase in the frequency of gestational diabetes mellitus (in 4-5 times over the past 20 years). The main tasks of the work in the risk strategy of gestational diabetes mellitus are: prediction of pregnancy complications and the searchingh for new technologies for their delivery. To date, there are still very controversial questions about the timing and methods of delivery of patients with gestational diabetes mellitus. Due to the high incidence of unfavourable perinatal outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus, the percentage of cesarean sections in some countries reaches 60%, which leads to maternal morbidity and a decrease in the reproductive health of the population. Aims - is to improve of maternal and neonatal outcomes based of the rational choice of delivery technology in gestational diabetes mellitus. Methods. A retrospective analysis of delivery methods was performed in 9769 patients with gestational diabetes mellitus at full-term gestation. Results. The developed and implemented programmed delivery technique was an alternative to cesarean sections, it allowed to reduce the frequency of abdominal delivery, while improving maternal and neonatal outcomes. The frequency of cesarean sections in programmed delivery was 2 times lower than in the presented facilities and significantly lower than in the population (10.0-10.7%). In the programmed delivery group there was a significant reducing morbidity of hypoglycemia in newborns compared to planned caesarean section - by 2 times and respiratory distress syndrome - by 2.5 times (p < 0.05). The indices of cerebral status impairment, birth traumatism corresponded to physiological childbirth and did not exceed the average population. Conclusions. The method of programmed delivery presented in this paper was one of the reserves for reducing the frequency of cesarean sections and allowed to personalize delivery in respiratory distress syndrome. © 2021 Izdatel'stvo Meditsina. All rights reserved.

Radzinsky V.E. 1 , Startseva N.M. 1 , Papysheva O.V. 2 , Esipova L.N. 3 , Oleneva M.A.4 , Lukanovskaya O.B.3 , Cheporeva O.N.4 , Tazhetdinov E.Kh.4
Номер выпуска
  • 1 RUDN University, 6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 2 S.S. Udin City Clinical Hospital, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 N.E. Bauman City Clinical Hospital, No. 29, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 4 N.I. Pirogov City Clinical Hospital No. 1, “Maternity House No. 25”, Moscow, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Cesarean section; Gestational diabetes mellitus; Programmed delivery
Дата создания
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Другие записи

Pereverzev A.P., Pereverzeva A.S., Popadyuk V.I., Ostroumova O.D.
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