General and dermatological morbidity of the rural population of cotton-sowing and horticultural regions

In order to develop the preventive measures and to plan the volume of medical services the data on morbidity in relation to environmental factors are of great importance. Consequently, the investigation of the population incidence including the skin and subcutaneous tissue diseases in people who are in direct contact with mineral fertilizers, as well as those living in the area of their usage is relevant. Objective. To conduct a comparative analysis of the rural residents’ incidence taking into accounts the load of mineral fertilizers per hectare of arable area. Material and methods. The object of the study was the population living in two rural areas of the Tashkent region — cotton sowing and horticultural. The research was used the materials of statistical reporting on the volume of mineral fertilizers used, the population’ interview results and examination of persons with skin manifestation, also medical-statistical and analytical methods. Results. Among the population of rural areas the most common were the diseases of the digestive system, musculoskeletal system and connective tissue, blood and hematopoietic organs. In the general structure of chronic conditions the diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue among the inhabitants of the horticultural region took the 8th place and the cotton-growing region — the 9th place. At the same time, the frequency of the skin and subcutaneous tissue diseases was 2.5 times higher in the main area than in the control one (p<0.05). The peculiarities of the structure of skin diseases in the surveyed areas consisted in the prevalence of allergic diseases. A comparative analysis of the clinical manifestations of dermatological diseases in residents of the two regions showed a stronger skin pathological process in the Chinaz region. Conclusion. The level and internal structure of the general and dermatological morbidity of the rural population depend on the amount of mineral fertilizers used and caused by the influence of exogenous social and endogenous biological factors. © 2021, Media Sphera Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

Kamilov O.A. 1 , Zhukova O.V. 1, 2 , Kamilova R.T.3
Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Издательство Медиа Сфера
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  • 1 Peoples’ Friendship, University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 Moscow Research and Practical Center for Dermatovenereology and Cosmetology, Department of Healthcare, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 Institute of Sanitary, Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, Ministry of Health, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Ключевые слова
General and dermatological morbidity; Mineral fertilizers; Prevalence; Risk factors; Rural areas; Skin diseases
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