Asymmetric openness-environment nexus in most open OIC countries: new evidence from quantile-on-quantile (QQ) estimation

Trade openness continues to have the potential to influence many parts of today’s society, including religion, transportation, lifestyle, language, and international relations; however, its ability to impact environmental quality is the primary issue for environmental policy guidelines. In response to an increasing interest in finding the dynamic association between trade openness and environmental quality, the current study explores the trade openness- environmental quality nexus in the ten most open Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) countries for the years 1991 to 2018. By taking CO2 emissions and ecological footprint as environmental indicators, a novel methodology “quantile-on-quantile (QQ)” is used to indicate how different quantiles of trade openness asymmetrically affect the quantiles of environmental indicators by providing an adequate pattern to comprehend the overall dependence structure. A negative openness-CO2 emissions association is dominant in seven out of ten selected OIC countries (i.e., Suriname, Malaysia, Jordan, UAE, Libya, Brunei, and Qatar). On the other hand, a positive impact of trade openness on ecological footprint is dominant in eight out of ten selected OIC countries (i.e., Oman, Jordan, UAE, Libya, Bahrain, Brunei, Qatar, and Kuwait). The outcomes indicate that the asymmetric strength of openness-induced environmental quality differs with countries at both upper and bottom quantiles of data distribution that need specific attention in contending trade and environment policies in OIC countries. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Ali S.1, 2 , Yusop Z.1, 3 , Meo M.S. 4, 5
Springer Science + Business Media
  • 1 School of Business and Economics, Universiti Putra, Seri Kembangan, Malaysia
  • 2 School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • 3 Putra Business School, UPM, Seri Kembangan, Malaysia
  • 4 Department of Management Sciences, The Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 5 Lab for Gas, Technology and Sustainable Development, RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
CO2 emissions (CO2); Ecological footprint (ECOF); Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC); Quantile-on-quantile (QQ) approach
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