Small Heat Shock Proteins HSP10 and HSP27 in the Left Ventricular Myocardium in Rats with Arterial Hypertension and Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
We studied the expression of small heat shock proteins HSP10 and HSP27 in left ventricular cardiomyocytes in animals with arterial hypertension, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and their combination. The experiment was performed on 38-week-old male Wistar-Kyoto and 38-57-week-old SHR (spontaneously hypertensive) rats. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was modeled by single parenteral injection of streptozotocin (65 mg/kg). Expression of HSP10 and HSP27 in left ventricular cardiomyocytes was evaluated by immunohistochemical assay. It was found that the content of HSP10 in the left ventricular cardiomyocytes decreased in comparison with the control in case of isolated diabetes mellitus and, on the contrary, increased in case of arterial hypertension combined with diabetes mellitus. The intensity of HSP27 expression decreased in case of 38-week arterial hypertension and a combination of arterial hypertension with diabetes mellitus. However, in case of 57-week arterial hypertension we observed an increase in the content of HSP27 in cardiomyocytes.