Convergence of Blockchain and IoT for Secure Transportation Systems in Smart Cities

Smart cities provide citizens with smart and advanced services to improve their quality of life. However, it has been observed that the collection, storage, processing, and analysis of heterogeneous data that are usually borne by citizens will bear certain difficulties. The development of the Internet of Things, cloud computing, social media, and other Industry 4.0 influencers pushed technology into a smart society's framework, bringing potential vulnerabilities to sensor data, services, and smart city applications. These vulnerabilities lead to data security problems. We propose a decentralized data management system for smart and secure transportation that uses blockchain and the Internet of Things in a sustainable smart city environment to solve the data vulnerability problem. A smart transportation mobility system demands creating an interconnected transit system to ensure flexibility and efficiency. This article introduces prior knowledge and then provides a Hyperledger Fabric-based data architecture that supports a secure, trusted, smart transportation system. The simulation results show the balance between the blockchain mining time and the number of blocks created. We also use the average transaction delay evaluation model to evaluate the model and to test the proposed system's performance. The system will address residents' and authorities' security challenges of the transportation system in smart, sustainable cities and lead to better governance.

Abbas K.1 , Tawalbeh L.A.2 , Rafiq A.3 , Muthanna A. 4, 5 , Elgendy I.A.6, 7 , Abd El-Latif A.A.8
  • 1 Jeju Natl Univ, Dept Comp Engn, Jeju 63243, South Korea
  • 2 Texas A&M Univ San Antonio, Cyber Engn Technol Cyber Secur Res Ctr, Dept Comp & Cybersecur, San Antonio, TX USA
  • 3 Chongqing Univ Posts & Telecommun, Chongqing 400065, Peoples R China
  • 4 St Petersburg State Univ Telecommun, Telecommun Networks & Data Transmiss, St Petersburg 193232, Russia
  • 5 Peoples Friendship Univ Russia, RUDN Univ, Miklukho Maklaya St, Moscow 117198, Russia
  • 6 Harbin Inst Technol, Sch Comp Sci & Technol, Harbin 150001, Peoples R China
  • 7 Menoufia Univ, Fac Comp & Informat, Comp Sci Dept, Shibin Al Kawm 32511, Egypt
  • 8 Menoufia Univ, Fac Sci, Math & Comp Sci Dept, Shibin Al Kawm 32511, Egypt
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