The importance of pathogenicity factors of some Streptococcus spp. And klebsiella spp. And determining their etiological role in the inflammatory processes of the respiratory tract [ЗНАЧЕНИЕ ФАКТОРОВ ПАТОГЕННОСТИ НЕКОТОРЫХ ВИДОВ СТРЕПТОКОККОВ И КЛЕБСИЕЛЛ ПРИ ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИИ ИХ ЭТИОЛОГИЧЕСКОЙ РОЛИ В РАЗВИТИИ ВОСПАЛИТЕЛЬНЫХ ПРОЦЕССОВ РЕСПИРАТОРНОГО ТРАКТА]

Together with the known pathogens of inf lammatory processes of the respiratory tract in clinical practice are often found representatives of Streptococcus and Klebsiella, previously considered commensals of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract. The exchange of genetic information facilitates the transfer of virulence factors between strains not only within the species but also within the genus. In such cases, the acquisition of virulence genes by non-pathogenic species from representatives of pathogenic species contributes to the manifestation of previously not typical properties. Therefore, the aim of the research was to study the virulence of opportunistic Streptococcus spp. and Klebsiella spp. in inf lammatory processes of the respiratory tract and substantiate their etiological role in the development of the disease. We studied 220 strains of Streptococcus spp. and 97 strains of Klebsiella spp., isolated from patients with inf lammatory processes in the respiratory tract and from healthy individuals. Strains of Streptococcus spp. were investigated for the presence of virulence genes: sagA, lmb, fap1, ply, lytA. Strains of Klebsiella spp. were examined for the presence of virulence genes: MrkD, magA, kfu. The phenotypic marker of lmb gene expression in Streptococcus and MrkD gene in Klebsiella was the indicator of adhesion of isolated strains to buccal epithelial cells. Expression of the fap1 gene was evaluated in a phenotypic biofilm formation test. In individuals with upper respiratory tract inf lammation, the most common types of streptococci were: S. mitis, S. anginosus, and S. oralis. Strains of these species isolated from inf lammatory processes in the upper respiratory tract had 2-4 times greater adhesiveness than strains isolated from healthy individuals. Phenotypic determination of the ability to biofilm formation showed that strains of Streptococcus containing the fap1 gene formed a dense biofilm in contrast to strains without the fap1 gene. K. oxytoca strains isolated from people with sinusitis had mrkd, magA, and kfu virulence genes that are characteristic of K. pneumoniae strains. In phenotypic tests, it was found that the value of the adhesion index in K. oxytoca strains isolated from patients is 4 times higher than in strains of this species isolated from healthy individuals. Thus, to confirm the etiological role of an opportunistic microorganism in the development of the infectious process, it is necessary to be guided by data on the genetic and phenotypic markers of virulence of the isolated strain. © 2020 Saint Petersburg Pasteur Institute. All rights reserved.

Kraeva L.A.1, 2 , Kunilova E.S.Jr. , Burgasova O.A. 3 , Hamdulaeva G.N.Jr. , Danilova E.M.4 , Bespalova G.I.5
Saint Petersburg Pasteur Institute
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  • 1 Laboratory of Medical Bacteriology, St. Petersburg Pasteur Institute, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
  • 2 Department of Microbiology, S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
  • 3 Department of Infectious Diseases with Courses in Epidemiology and Phthisiology, RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 4 Polyclinic Department of the Medical Center, St. Petersburg Pasteur Institute, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
  • 5 Department of Microbiology, North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Genetic; Klebsiella; Pathogenicity factors; Phenotypic markers of virulence; Streptococcus
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