Left atrial remodeling and thromboembolic risk in patients with recurrent atrial fibrillation
Purpose: To assess the relationship between left ventricular and left atrial (LA) structural and functional characteristics and thromboembolic (TE) risk in patients (pts) with recurrent atrial fibrillation <AF). Material and methods. Sixty pts (mean age 65 [61; 72] years, 42% men) with nonvalvular paroxysmal and persistent AF during sinus rhythm were divided into three groups based on CHA2DS2-VASc score: 1, 2, and All pts underwent conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography. Apical four- And two-chamber views images of 6 myocardial segments in the filling phase were obtained to assess global peak left atrial longitudinal strain (PALS) in the reservoir (r) and contractile (c) phase. Results. Patients with paroxysmal AF had significantly higher PALSr compared with patients with persistent AF (15.1 vs 11.2%, p=0.0002) and PALSc (-15.0 vs -12.0%; p=0.00021. In logistic regression analyses, only higher PALSr was significantly associated with lower CHA2DS2-VASc score (OR 0.61; 95% CI 0.38-0.97; p=0.03). In order to distinguish patients with moderate and high TE risk we performed ROC curve analysis. Effective PALSr cut-off point was 16.7% with sensitivity of 62.5%, specificity of 39.0% and an area under the curve of 0.85 (95% CI 0.72-0.98; p=0.002). Conclusions. In patients with AF PALSr was independently associated with CHA2DS2-VASc score. Use of a PALSr threshold allows to detect patients with moderate and high TE risk and can be considered in the process of decision making on initiation of anticoagulation treatment in patients with AF and CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1.