Adverse events, side effects and complications in mesenchymal stromal cell-based therapies

Numerous clinical studies have shown a wide clinical potential of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) application. However, recent experience has accumulated numerous reports of adverse events and side effects associated with MSCs therapy. Furthermore, the strategies and methods of MSCs therapy did not change significantly in recent decades despite the clinical impact and awareness of potential complications. An extended understanding of limitations could lead to a wider clinical implementation of safe cell therapies and avoid harmful approaches. Therefore, our objective was to summarize the possible negative effects observed during MSCs-based therapies. We were also aimed to discuss the risks caused by weaknesses in cell processing, including isolation, culturing, and storage. Cell processing and cell culture could dramatically influence cell population profile, change protein expression and cell differentiation paving the way for future negative effects. Long-term cell culture led to accumulation of chromosomal abnormalities. Overdosed antibiotics in culture media enhanced the risk of mycoplasma contamination. Clinical trials reported thromboembolism and fibrosis as the most common adverse events of MSCs therapy. Their delayed manifestation generally depends on the patient’s individual phenotype and requires specific awareness during the clinical trials with obligatory inclusion in the patient’ informed consents. Finally we prepared the safety checklist, recommended for clinical specialists before administration or planning of MSCs therapy.

Baranovskii Denis S. 1, 2 , Klabukov Ilya D. 1, 2, 3 , Arguchinskaya Nadezhda V.2 , Yakimova Anna O.2 , Kisel Anastas A.2 , Yatsenko Elena M.2 , Ivanov Sergei A. 2 , Shegay Peter V. 2 , Kaprin Andrey D. 1, 2
  • 1 Российский Университет Дружбы Народов
  • 2 National Medical Research Radiological Center of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
  • 3 Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI
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