Critical aspects of the management of stable coronary artery disease in primary care practice or how to increase the efficacy of evidence-based pharmacological therapy?

Introduction: The publication describes a fragment of the pharmacoepidemiologic study conducted to review the quality of management of patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) in primary care over a 12-year period. The aim of the study was to justify the application of standard operating procedures (SOPs). Such determinants of pharmacotherapy as non-pharmacological modification of cardiovascular risk factors (RFs) and medication adherence were analyzed. Material and methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional, 3-stage (2006, 2011, 2018) study was conducted in a primary care setting of Moscow. As many as 3027, 1834, 805 patients with verified diagnosis of SCAD were included. Demographics, medical history, data on modifiable RFs and prescribed drug therapies were collected. At the third stage, medication adherence was measured, using the 8-item Morisky scale. Results and discussion: Over a 7-year period, better control of modifiable RFs in coronary patients was revealed. The target levels of blood pressure were reached in 58.3% (+20.7%; p < 0.05) of the patients, total cholesterol – in 33.0% (+16.0%; p < 0.05), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol – in 23.3% (+12.2%; p < 0.05). Two critical problems that determined still inadequate RFs control were identified. The attention of physicians to RFs and rates of non-pharmacological interventions remained low throughout the study. Information on lifestyle RFs was recorded in fewer than one-third of the subjects. The lipid profile was registered only in half of patients’ histories. Non-adherence to pharmacotherapy was identified in 51.3% of patients. Conclusion: Further increase in efficacy of pharmacotherapy might be provided by application of SOPs regarding the registration and correction of modifiable cardiovascular RFs, identification of non-adherent patients and promotion of medication adherence. © 2020 Belgorod State National Research University. All rights reserved.

Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Белгородский государственный национальный исследовательский университет"
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  • 1 RUDN University, Medical Institute, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, 6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
Coronary artery disease; Medication adherence; Non-pharmacological treatment; Risk factors; Standard operating procedures
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