This chapter focuses on the principles behind the functioning of intelligent systems and machines in the economic activities of the cyber economy. Using the example of an intelligent system for the management of the construction of a road, the author illustrates the possibilities for the automatization of business processes. It is shown that on the basis of data from remote probing of the Earth, processed with the help of AI methods, it is possible to determine the economic state of the subject of a space survey and solve the economic tasks connected to development, monitoring, and provision of the necessary resources for the subject without human participation. This allows for a reduction in the labor intensity of the processes and the likelihood of corruption, and connects the digitization of the Earth from space to the needs of the digital economy. Mathematical tools are used to show the influence that the usage of intelligent systems and machines has on economic growth and labor efficiency. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.