Soil legacy data rescue via GlobalSoilMap and other international and national initiatives

Legacy soil data have been produced over 70 years in nearly all countries of the world. Unfortunately, data, information and knowledge are still currently fragmented and at risk of getting lost if they remain in a paper format. To process this legacy data into consistent, spatially explicit and continuous global soil information, data are being rescued and compiled into databases. Thousands of soil survey reports and maps have been scanned and made available online. The soil profile data reported by these data sources have been captured and compiled into databases. The total number of soil profiles rescued in the selected countries is about 800,000. Currently, data for 117, 000 profiles are compiled and harmonized according to GlobalSoilMap specifications in a world level database (WoSIS). The results presented at the country level are likely to be an underestimate. The majority of soil data is still not rescued and this effort should be pursued. The data have been used to produce soil property maps. We discuss the pro and cons of top-down and bottom-up approaches to produce such maps and we stress their complementarity. We give examples of success stories. The first global soil property maps using rescued data were produced by a top-down approach and were released at a limited resolution of 1 km in 2014, followed by an update at a resolution of 250 m in 2017. By the end of 2020, we aim to deliver the first worldwide product that fully meets the GlobalSoilMap specifications. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Arrouays D.1 , Leenaars J.G.B.2 , Richer-de-Forges A.C.1 , Adhikari K.3 , Ballabio C.4 , Greve M.3 , Grundy M.5 , Guerrero E.6 , Hempel J.7 , Hengl T.2 , Heuvelink G.2 , Batjes N.2 , Carvalho E.2 , Hartemink A.8 , Hewitt A.9 , Hong S.-Y.10 , Krasilnikov P.11 , Lagacherie P.12 , Lelyk G.13 , Libohova Z.7 , Lilly A.14 , McBratney A.15 , McKenzie N.5 , Vasquez G.M.16 , Mulder V.L.17 , Minasny B.15 , Montanarella L.4 , Odeh I.15 , Padarian J.15 , Poggio L.14 , Roudier P.9 , Saby N.1 , Savin I. 18, 50 , Searle R.5 , Solbovoy V.18 , Thompson J.19 , Smith S.13 , Sulaeman Y.20 , Vintila R.21 , Rossel R.V.5 , Wilson P.5 , Zhang G.-L.22 , Swerts M.23 , Oorts K.23 , Karklins A.24 , Feng L.22 , Ibelles Navarro A.R. , Levin A.25 , Laktionova T.25 , Dell'Acqua M.26 , Suvannang N.27 , Ruam W.27 , Prasad J.28 , Patil N.28 , Husnjak S.29 , Pásztor L.30 , Okx J.31 , Hallet S.32 , Keay C.32 , Farewell T.32 , Lilja H.33 , Juilleret J.34 , Marx S.34 , Takata Y.35 , Kazuyuki Y.35 , Mansuy N.36 , Panagos P.4 , Van Liedekerke M. , Skalsky R.37 , Sobocka J.37 , Kobza J.37 , Eftekhari K.38 , Alavipanah S.K.38 , Moussadek R.39 , Badraoui M.39 , Da Silva M. , Paterson G.41 , Gonçalves M.D.C.42 , Theocharopoulos S.43 , Yemefack M.44 , Tedou S.44 , Vrscaj B.45 , Grob U.46 , Kozák J.47 , Boruvka L.47 , Dobos E.48 , Taboada M.49 , Moretti L.49 , Rodriguez D.49
Elsevier Ltd
  • 1 INRA, InfoSol Unit, Orléans, 45075, France
  • 2 ISRIC – World Soil Information, PO Box 353, Wageningen, AJ 6700, Netherlands
  • 3 Department of Agroecology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark
  • 4 European Commission – DG JRC, Via E. Fermi, 2749, Ispra (VA), 21027, Italy
  • 5 CSIRO, Australia
  • 6 National Institute of Statistics and Geography, INEGI, Aguascalientes, Mexico
  • 7 US Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Services, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
  • 8 University of Wisconsin, Department of Soil Science, Madison, United States
  • 9 Landcare Research, Manaaki Whenua, New Zealand
  • 10 Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Suwon, 441707, South Korea
  • 11 Eurasian Center for Food Security, Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscow, Russian Federation
  • 12 INRA-IRD-Supagro, UMR Lisah, Montpellier, France
  • 13 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada
  • 14 The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom
  • 15 University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
  • 16 Embrapa Solos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 17 Biogeochemistry and Earth System Modelling, Sciences de la Terre et de l'Environnement, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium
  • 18 Dokutchaev Soil Science InstituteMoscow, Russian Federation
  • 19 West Virginia UniversityWV, United States
  • 20 Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resource Research and Development, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia
  • 21 National Research and Development Institute for Soil Science, Agro-chemistry and Environment (ICPA), Bucharest, Romania
  • 22 State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China
  • 23 Land and Soil Protection Service, Flemish Government, Brussels, Belgium
  • 24 Latvia Agricultural UniversityJelgava, Latvia
  • 25 National Scientific Center, Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry ResearchKharkiv, Ukraine
  • 26 Sistema de Información Geográfica, Dirección General de Recursos Naturales, Ministerio de Ganadería Agricultura y PescaMontevideo, Uruguay
  • 27 Land Development Department, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 28 National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning (NBSSLUP), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • 29 Faculty of Agriculture, Deptartment of Soil ScienceZagreb, Croatia
  • 30 Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry (RISSAC) of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapest, Hungary
  • 31 Alterra – Wageningen UR, Wageningen, AA 6700, Netherlands
  • 32 Cranfield University, Soils and Agrifood Institute, NSRI, United Kingdom
  • 33 MTT, Plant Production Research, Soil and Plant Nutrition, Jokioinen, Finland
  • 34 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, Belvaux, Luxembourg
  • 35 Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, NARO, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
  • 36 Nat Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Serv, Ste Foy, Quebec City, Canada
  • 37 Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute, Gagarinova 10, Bratislava, Slovakia
  • 38 Soil Genesis and Classification Department, Soil and Water Research Institute, Karaj, Iran
  • 39 INRA, Rabat, Morocco
  • 40 International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) – Headquarters and Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Cali, Colombia
  • 41 ARC-Institute for Soil, Climate and Water, Pretoria, South Africa
  • 42 Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária, Laboratório de Solos de Oeiras, Oeiras, Portugal
  • 43 Soil Science Institute of Athens, NAGREF, Athens, Greece
  • 44 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • 45 Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 46 NABODAT, Agroscope, Institut für Nachhaltigkeitswissenschaft, INHZürich, Switzerland
  • 47 Faculty of Agrobiology, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
  • 48 University of Miskolc, Geography Institute, Miskolc-Egyetemvaros, Hungary
  • 49 Institute of Soils, INTA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 50 People's Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)Moscow, Russian Federation
GlobalSoilMap; Legacy data; Soil data rescue
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Tinkov A.A., Filippini T., Ajsuvakova O.P., Aaseth J., Gluhcheva Y.G., Ivanova J.M., Bjørklund G., Skalnaya M.G., Gatiatulina E.R., Popova E.V., Nemereshina O.N., Vinceti M., Skalny A.V.
Science of the Total Environment. Elsevier B.V.. Vol. 601-602. 2017. P. 741-755