The efficiency of Governmental and WFP UN Programs for improvement of nutritional status in Tajik schoolchildren as assessed by dietary intake and hair trace element content

Background: The objective of the study was to assess hair trace element and mineral content in children undergoing WFP UN and the governmental programs of school nutrition in Tajikistan. Methods: WFP program included provision or wheat flour fortified with micronutrients including Fe and Zn, and iodized salt, whereas within the governmental program hot meals were provided. A total of 202 children studying in schools that were not (Type 1, n = 100) or were involved in dietary intervention programs (Type 2, n = 102). Food and hair trace element content was assessed using ICP-MS. Results: Daily intake of Fe, I, Zn, B, Co, Mg, Si, and Sr in Type 2 schools was more than 2.5, 12, 4, 2.9, 2.6, 2, 3, and 2-fold higher than that in Type 1 schools. Correspondingly, anthropometric parameters in children from Type 2 schools exceeded the control values. Surprisingly, no significant difference in hair iodine levels was detected. Hair analysis demonstrated a significant increase in hair Ca, Mg, Na, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Se, V, Zn content. Certain toxic elements including Al, As, and Be were also characterized by an increase in Type 2 schools. At the same time, nutritional intervention was associated with a significant decrease in hair B, Hg, and Sn levels. Conclusions: Nutritional intervention within WFP and the governmental program was effective in increasing essential trace element supply in Tajik schoolchildren. However, further studies including a detailed assessment of nutritional and health status with a special focus on iodine and thyroid functioning are required. © 2019 Elsevier GmbH

Kirichuk A.A. 1 , Skalny A.A. 1, 2 , Dodkhoyev J.S.3 , Skalnaya M.G. 1, 2, 4 , Grabeklis A.R. 1, 2, 4 , Ajsuvakova O.P. 1, 4, 5 , Tinkov A.A. 1, 4, 5 , Notova S.V.6 , Bjørklund G.7, 8 , Tinkova M.N.2, 9 , Chizhov A.Y. 1 , Bobrovnitskiy I.P.10 , Bolotnikova E.A.11 , Chernigov V.V.11 , Skalny A.V. 1, 4, 12
Elsevier GmbH
  • 1 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 2 ANO “Center for Biotic Medicine”, Russian Federation
  • 3 Avicenna Tajik State Medical University, Dushanbe, 734000, Tajikistan
  • 4 IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
  • 5 Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, 150003, Russian Federation
  • 6 Federal Scientific Center of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Orenburg, 460000, Russian Federation
  • 7 Ovidius University, Constanta, 900527, Romania
  • 8 Council for Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, Mo i Rana, 8610, Norway
  • 9 Orenburg Central District Hospital, Orenburg, 460000, Russian Federation
  • 10 Centre for Strategic Planning, Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, 119435, Russian Federation
  • 11 Social and Industrial Foodservice Institute, Moscow, 107078, Russian Federation
  • 12 Trace Element Institute for UNESCO, Lyon, 69100, France
Intake; Iodine; Iron; Minerals; Zinc
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