Geographic variation of environmental, food, and human hair selenium content in an industrial region of Russia

The objective of the present study was investigation of the selenium (Se) levels in environmental samples, main consumed food products, as well as human hair in the areas of the Orenburg region. Se levels in the environmental objects (water, soil, wheat), frequently consumed food products (wheat bread, ryebread, beef, pork, chicken, milk, cottage cheese), as well as human hair samples in the western (n = 210), central (n = 195), and eastern (n = 120) areas were assessed using inductively-coupled plasma mass-spectrometry and atomic absorption spectrometry (soil). The obtained data demonstrate that water (87% and 89%), soil (41% and 48%), and wheat (11% and 11%) Se levels Central and Eastern areas were significantly higher than those in the Western area. The level of Se in foods was found to be the highest in the Eastern (wheat bread and beef), Central and Eastern (ryebread and pork), or Central (milk and cottage cheese) areas of the Orenburg region. Hair Se content (0.298 (0.233–0.591) μg/g) as well as dietary Se intake (84.3 (73.7–95.8) μg/day) did not differ significantly between the studied areas. At the same time, regression analysis demonstrated that Se intake with wheat bread (β = 0.634; p = 0.042) was the strongest predictor of hair Se. The revealed associations between environmental and food Se content and Se status of the population underline the necessity of continuous monitoring of Se intake and exposure in order to prevent potential health effects associated with both deficiency and overload. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.

Skalny A.V. 1, 2, 3, 4 , Burtseva T.I.5 , Salnikova E.V.5 , Ajsuvakova O.P. 1, 2, 3 , Skalnaya M.G. 1, 3 , Kirichuk A.A. 1 , Tinkov A.A. 1, 2, 3
Academic Press Inc.
  • 1 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Miklukho-Maklaya St., 6, Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation
  • 2 Yaroslavl State University, Sovetskaya St., 14, Yaroslavl, 150000, Russian Federation
  • 3 IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 8, Moscow, 119146, Russian Federation
  • 4 Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agro-technologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 9 Yanvarya St., 29, Orenburg, 460000, Russian Federation
  • 5 Orenburg State University, Pobedy Ave., 13, Orenburg, 460352, Russian Federation
Bread; Hair; Selenium; Soil; Water
Date of creation
Date of change
Short link

Other records