COMPUTATIONAL MODELING OF AMORPHOUS SILICA .4. MODELING THE INITIAL STRUCTURES - AEROGEL
A qualitative classification algorithm for constructing large clusters of aerogel model structures is used. According to this algorithm, aerogel is classified with polysilicas characterized by a packing of long chains of silicon-oxygen tetrahedra. A model of the aerogel structure is suggested, according to which aerogel is described as a set of cross-linked chains forming double or more complex ribbons. This model is in agreement with the conclusions drawn from analysis of the vibration spectra of its components.