The System of Public Education in Astrakhan Governorate in the Second Half of the 19th and Early 20th Centuries. Part 2
This set of articles relies on reference and memorandum books from the period 1873–1917 to
explore the development of the system of public education in Astrakhan Governorate. This is the
second piece in the set. The 20-year timeframe it covers (1874–1894) incorporates the post-reform
and counter-reform periods.
The principal source used in this work is the Memorandum Books for Astrakhan Governorate.
Methodologically, use was made of sets of historical (historical-systematic, historicalcomparative, historical-typological, historical-genetic, and historical-statistical) and general
(synthetic analysis, content analysis, and systems analysis) research methods.
Between 1874 and 1894, the number of public educational institutions in Astrakhan
Governorate increased 8 times, which may be regarded as significant progress in the development
of the system of education in the region. The number of students rose 6 times, which is a
remarkable achievement too.
The 20-year period witnessed brisk progress in the development of female education in the
region, with the number of female students increasing 5.7 times. This must have been facilitated by
the region’s distinctive economic characteristics – it had well-developed fishing and livestock
farming industries, with many women engaged in processing work.
Вестник Российского университета дружбы народов. Серия: Инженерные исследования.
Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования Российский университет дружбы народов (РУДН).