Investigation of the effects of mechanical and underfloor heating systems on the COVID-19 viruses distribution
Investigation of the spread of pollutants and especially pathogenic particles in the interior of today's buildings has become an integral part of the design of such buildings. When the Coronavirus is prevalent in the world, it is necessary to pay attention to the spread of the virus in the interior of residential apartments. In the present study, the Coronavirus particles emitted from the sneezing of a sick person in the bedroom of a residential apartment were tracked. Meanwhile, the degree of exposure of a mannequin that has been placed in the living room playing the role of a healthy person is examined. In this research, a segregated solution of steady-state flow and an unsteady particle solution have been separately used: a suitable, accurate, and optimal solution in particle studies. A comparison of the results shows that underfloor heating creates a healthier space around the healthy person's respiratory system, but instead, we will see more polluted areas around the sick person. According to the PRE results, the PRE value for a mechanical heating system is higher than a floor heating system. Therefore, it is recommended to use mechanical heating system in the apartments where the person with COVID-19 is hospitalized.