G. D. GREBENSHCHIKOV'S NOVEL "THE CHURAEVS" IN THE LITERARY-PHILOSOPHICAL CONTEXT OF RUSSIAN COSMISM: M.A. VOLOSHIN, V.V. KHLEBNIKOV
The article presents an attempt to trace the perception of ‘Russian cosmism'philosophy by outstanding representatives of Russian literature of the first half of the 20th century:G.D. Grebenshchikov(George Grebenstchikoff), Velimir Khlebnikov, and Maximilian Voloshin. The methodology of the research is based on a comprehensive literary-historical and structural-typological analysis of the writers' creativity; the leading methods are compare-contrast and cultural-historicalresearch. As a result, the authors concluded that Grebenshchikov,in his saga ‘The Churayevs',has expressed the drama of self-isolation of Old Believers while at the same time highlightingthe search of the character for some ‘worldwide new-ploughed field'. He was trying to connect the new vision of the world of his characters not withmodernity but rather with cosmism and the forthcoming world evolution. On the same lines,V.V. Khlebnikov,in one of his works,perceived the folklore-myth culture as the foundation of primary moral values, capable of reconciling and uniting people. In his futurological creations,Khlebnikov was crafting an imageof universal and indivisible humanity living in concord with nature and the universe.Also, M.A. Voloshinin his poem ‘The Ways Of Cain'has presented a philosophical concept of the history andreevaluated material and social culture,taking it at a glance ofthe picture of the space and perceivingan abstract of human existence in the scale of the history of the humanity and position in the universe.