The Wahhabis and the Muslim Brothers: From Alliance to Alienation. Regional and Global Implications

For decades, the Wahhabis and the Muslim Brothers were allies both in ideology and in political practices. They were united by their attitude to Western culture as to corruption and debauchery, a negative perception of the Western system of values, and the desire to mold society based on the models of the Koran, Sunnah, and Sharia. Their common enemies were secular nationalist regimes and communism. The points of disagreement - the condemnation by the Brothers of the hereditary monarchies, then the direct call to overthrow the pro-Western rulers - were simply glossed over. For Saudi Arabia's Salafi Wahhabis, loyalty to the Saudi monarchy was an axiom. The peak of cooperation was achieved when both Brothers and Wahhabis participated in the jihad in Afghanistan against the Soviet troops and the pro-communist government. In joint camps, future extremist jihadists were brought up. The watershed was the war against Saddam Hussein's Iraqi troops, which occupied Kuwait. The deployment of a huge American army, as well as its European allies, in the territory of Saudi Arabia, where two main Muslim shrines are located, was considered sacrilege by the Muslim Brothers, as was the invitation of infidel troops to war against a Muslim state, albeit with a dictatorial secular regime. However, the leadership of the Saudi ulama issued a fatwa approving the actions of the rulers of the Kingdom. Over the years, the disagreements were voiced louder and louder, and the culmination was the rupture between the Wahhabis and the Brothers, which had substantial regional and global implications.

ООО "Издательство "Учитель"
Номер выпуска
  • 1 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
Ключевые слова
Muslim Brothers; Wahhabis; western culture; Saudi Arabia; the Saudi ulama
Дата создания
Дата изменения
Постоянная ссылка

Другие записи

Аскари Саидаъзамхон
Стратегии противодействия угрозам экономической безопасности в условиях нестабильности мировых рынков. Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки Институт проблем рынка Российской академии наук. 2020. С. 17-22
Выборная К.В., Тимонин А.Н., Семенов М.М., Лавриненко С.В., Раджабкадиев Р.М., Клочкова С.В., Никитюк Д.Б.
Спортивная медицина: наука и практика. Русский врач. Том 10. 2020. С. 55-63