Násilí na ženě a jeho následky podle Tanachu a rabínské literatury. Historické a sociologické perspektivy

Torat Moshe protects some of the weakest members of society-mothers and unborn children. It points out that death caused by the perpetrator is never an isolated issue. The death of one human being means the death of other potential human beings. The aim of the provision at hand, despite the wrongdoing committed by the perpetrator, was not (according to most rabbinic interpreters) to punish him (by killing or injuring), but only to compensate for the damage. The intention is to settle the imbalance in interpersonal relationships. Torat Moshe tries to prevent fights between men (brothers) by pointing out how terrible things can happen to them. The ambiguity of the Hebrew text Torat Moshe reinforces this goal, because although in practice the rabbis required only monetary compensation, the text is formulated so that the wrestler fears that his own life will be required for a failed life and his own body will be damaged for body damage. In addition, a court decision on an offender, however merciful, cannot affect the decision of heaven-the offender can still be punished by death (accidental immediate death, death before the age of fifty or sixty, etc.) regardless of the decision of the provincial court. Torat Moshe demands the same right for all: “You will have one right for both the guest and the natives. I am the LORD your God”. © 2021, VERBUM - Publishing House of CU. All rights reserved.

Roubalová M.1 , Kralik R. 2 , Tvrdoň M.3 , Tkáčová H.4 , Maturkanič P.5 , Hlad Ľ.6
VERBUM - Publishing House of CU
Номер выпуска
  • 1 Husitská teologická fakulta, Univerzita Karlova v Prahe, Pacovska 350/4, Praha, 140 00, Czech Republic
  • 2 Russian language department, RUDN University, Miklukho-Maklaya street, 6, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 3 Katedra sociálnej práce a sociálnych vied, Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, Nitra, 949 01, El Salvador
  • 4 Katedra žurnalistiky, Filozofická fakulta Katolícka univerzita v Ružomberku, Hrabovecká cesta 1B, Ružomberok, 034 01, El Salvador
  • 5 Vysoká škola aplikované psychologie s.r.o, Akademická 409, Terezín, 411 55, Czech Republic
  • 6 Katedra náboženských študií, Filozofická fakulta Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Štefánikova 67, Nitra, 949 74, El Salvador
Ключевые слова
Compensation of the damages; Legal consequences; Perpetrator; Pregnant woman; Torat Moshe
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