Low rate of substantial loss of reduction immediately after hardware removal following acromioclavicular joint stabilization using a suspensory fixation system

Purpose: To evaluate immediate loss of reduction in patients undergoing hardware removal after arthroscopically assisted acromioclavicular (AC) joint stabilization using a high-tensile suture tape suspensory fixation system and to identify risk factors associated with immediate loss of reduction. Materials and methods: Twenty-two consecutive patients with a mean age of 36.4 ± 12.6 years (19–56), who underwent hardware removal 18.2 ± 15.0 months following arthroscopically assisted stabilization surgery using a suspensory fixation system for AC joint injury between 01/2012 and 01/2021 were enrolled in this retrospective monocentric study. The coracoclavicular distance (CCD) as well as the clavicular dislocation/acromial thickness (D/A) ratio were measured on anterior–posterior radiographs prior to hardware removal and immediately postoperatively by two independent raters. Loss of reduction, defined as 10% increase in the CCD, was deemed substantial if the CCD increased 6 mm compared to preoperatively. Constitutional and surgical characteristics were assessed in a subgroup analysis to detect risk factors associated with loss of reduction. Results: Postoperatively, the CCD significantly increased from 12.6 ± 3.7 mm (4.8–19.0) to 14.5 ± 3.3 mm (8.7–20.6 mm) (p < 0.001) while the D/A ratio increased from 0.4 ± 0.3 (− 0.4–0.9) to 0.6 ± 0.3 (1.1–0.1) (p = 0.034) compared to preoperatively. In 10 cases (45%), loss of reduction was identified, while a substantial loss of reduction (> 6 mm) was only observed in one patient (4.5%). A shorter time interval between index stabilization surgery and hardware removal significantly corresponded to immediate loss of reduction (11.0 ± 5.6 vs. 30.0 ± 20.8 months; p = 0.007), as hardware removal within one year following index stabilization was significantly associated with immediate loss of reduction (p = 0.027; relative risk 3.4; odds ratio 11.67). Conclusions: Substantial loss of reduction after hardware removal of a high-tensile suture tape suspensory fixation system was rare, indicating that the postoperative result of AC stabilization is not categorically at risk when performing this procedure. Even though radiological assessment of the patients showed a statistically significant immediate superior clavicular displacement after this rarely required procedure, with an increased incidence in the first year following stabilization, this may not negatively influence the results of ACJ stabilization in a clinically relevant way. Level of evidence: IV. © 2022, The Author(s).

Rupp M.-C.1 , Kadantsev P.M. 1, 2, 3 , Siebenlist S.1 , Hinz M.1 , Feucht M.J.4, 5 , Pogorzelski J.1 , Scheiderer B.1 , Imhoff A.B.1 , Muench L.N.1 , Berthold D.P.1
Springer Verlag
  • 1 Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Ismaninger Str. 22, Munich, 81675, Germany
  • 2 European Clinic of Sports Traumatology and Orthopaedics (ECSTO), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 Peoples Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 4 Orthopaedic Clinic Paulinenhilfe, Diakonie-Hospital, Stuttgart, Germany
  • 5 Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
Ключевые слова
AC joint stabilization; Acromioclavicular joint injury; Acromioclavicular joint instability; Arthroscopically assisted; Hardware removal; Loss of reduction
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