Cytoprotective Activity of Polyamines Is Associated with the Alternative Splicing of RAD51A Pre-mRNA in Normal Human CD4+ T Lymphocytes

Physiological polyamines are ubiquitous polycations with pleiotropic biochemical activ-ities, including regulation of gene expression and cell proliferation as well as modulation of cell signaling. They can also decrease DNA damage and promote cell survival. In the present study, we demonstrated that polyamines have cytoprotective effects on normal human CD4+ T lymphocytes but not on cancer Jurkat or K562 cells. Pretreatment of lymphocytes with polyamines resulted in a significant reduction in cells with DNA damage induced by doxorubicin, cisplatin, or irinotecan, leading to an increase in cell survival and viability. The induction of RAD51A expression was in response to DNA damage in both cancer and normal cells. However, in normal cells, putrescin pretreatment resulted in alternative splicing of RAD51A and the switch of the predominant expression from the splice variant with the deletion of exon 4 to the full-length variant. Induction of RAD51A alternative splicing by splice-switching oligonucleotides resulted in a decrease in DNA damage and cell protection against cisplatin-induced apoptosis. The results of this study suggest that the cytoprotective activity of polyamines is associated with the alternative splicing of RAD51A pre-mRNA in normal human CD4+ T lymphocytes. The difference in the sensitivity of normal and cancer cells to polyamines may become the basis for the use of these compounds to protect normal lymphocytes during lymphoblastic chemotherapy. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Авторы
Издательство
MDPI AG
Номер выпуска
3
Язык
Английский
Статус
Опубликовано
Номер
1863
Том
23
Год
2022
Организации
  • 1 Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Pogodinskaya St. 10/8, Moscow, 119121, Russian Federation
  • 2 Department of Biochemistry, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Miklukho—Maklaya St. 6, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Alternative splicing; Apoptosis; Cytoprotection; DNA damage; Polyamines
Дата создания
06.07.2022
Дата изменения
06.07.2022
Постоянная ссылка
https://repository.rudn.ru/ru/records/article/record/83886/
Поделиться

Другие записи