The Phenomenon of Social and Pastoral Service in Eastern Slovakia and Northwestern Czech Republic during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Comparison of Two Selected Units of Former Czechoslovakia in the Context of the Perspective of Positive Solutions

This study seeks to explain the differences in the perception of social and pastoral service after the first and second wave pandemic in 2020 among the inhabitants of two neighbouring states, both parts of the former unified Czechoslovakia. Our research study compares subjective perception, needs, and participation among inhabitants of eastern Slovakia and north-western Czech Republic in social and pastoral service during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research sample consisted of a healthy population from the Czech Republic (n = 496) and Slovakia (n = 484) over 16 years of age, of which 63% (n = 617) were women and 37% (n = 363) men. The level of education ranged from primary to postgraduate. The research sample consisted of 623 (63.6%) participants with religious affiliation and 357 (36.4%) without religion. The level of perception, needs, and participation of the participants in social and pastoral service was obtained based on a non-standardised questionnaire. The results of our study confirmed several differences in the areas studied. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Maturkanič P.1, 2 , Čerget’ová I.T.2 , Králik R. 3, 4 , Hlad L.5 , Roubalová M.6 , Martin J.G.7 , Judák V.1 , Akimjak A.4 , Petrikovičová L.8
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  • 1 Faculty of Roman Catholic Theology of Cyril and Methodius, Comenius University Bratislava, Bratislava, 81458, Slovakia
  • 2 College of Applied Psychology, Terezín, 41155, Czech Republic
  • 3 Department of Russian Language, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 4 Department of Social Works, Faculty of Theology, Catholic University in Ružomberok, Ruzomberok, 03401, Slovakia
  • 5 Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Nitra, 94901, Slovakia
  • 6 Department of Biblical and Jewish Studies, Hussite Theological Faculty, Charles University in Prague, Prague, 14000, Czech Republic
  • 7 Department of Sociology, Faculty of Political Sciences and Sociology, University of Granada, Granada, 18001, Spain
  • 8 Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Regional Development, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Informatics, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Nitra, 94901, Slovakia
Ключевые слова
Pandemic situation; Religious affiliation; Social and pastoral service
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