Improved nitrogen use efficiency, carbon sequestration and reduced environmental contamination under a gradient of manure application

The challenge of reducing the environmental contamination related to agricultural practices to improve nitrogen (N) use efficiency (NUE), carbon (C) sequestration, and crop yield, requires efficient N fertilization and management strategies. We carried out a field experiment from 2016 to 2018 exploring the effect of the gradual replacement of mineral N with organic manure N on soil properties, soil organic C storage, soil total N storage, rice grain yield and yield components, N uptake and C accumulation of rice, and NUE. Moreover, we explained the relationship among the proportions of manure added to fertilizers, soil properties, rice grain yield and yield components, and aboveground N uptake and C accumulation of rice after harvest. Compared to mineral fertilization, 50% manure improved NUE and increased the effective panicle, seed setting rate, grain yield, and straw yield. However, in comparison to mineral fertilization, 100% manure decreased the effective panicle, the number of spikelets per panicle, grain yield, and straw yield and decreased partial factor productivity (PFP), N agronomic efficiency (AEN), and N recovery efficiency (REN). Moreover, in comparison with mineral fertilization, 50% manure increased the aboveground N uptake and C accumulation of rice, decreased the N surplus by 61.5%, and increased the apparent accumulated N recovery efficiency by 10.7%. In comparison to mineral fertilization, manure percentages exceeding 25% increased the total and available N, phosphorus, potassium, and organic C contents in soil. According to redundancy analysis, aboveground C accumulation and N uptake of rice jointly contributed to the variation in grain yields and yield components by 27.9%. In conclusion, 50% manure is a promising ecologically friendly strategy that improves the grain yield, N uptake, C sequestration, and NUE of rice and improves soil fertility. Simultaneously, 50% manure decreases the risk of environmental contamination. © 2022

Xie J.1 , Shi X.1 , Zhang Y. 1 , Wan Y.2 , Hu Q.1 , Zhang Y. 1 , Wang J. 1 , He X.1 , Evgenia B. 3, 4
Elsevier B.V.
  • 1 College of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716, China
  • 2 School of River and Ocean Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing, China
  • 3 Department of Soil Ecology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Halle (Saale), Germany
  • 4 Agro-Technological Institute, RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
C accumulation; N surplus; N uptake; N use efficiency; Rice; Soil properties
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