Crystallochemical design of metal–organic polymer CuBTC and activated carbon composite

Metal–organic polymer CuBTC and composite with CuBTC and activated carbon (CuBTC/C) were prepared by hydrothermal method (BTC3− is a linker 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate ion, hydrolysis temperature 130 °C, ethanol + H2O in equal proportion as a solvent) and detailed characterized by a set of methods (X-ray diffraction—XRD, X-ray absorption spectroscopy—XAS, differential scanning calorimetry—DSC, scanning electron microscopy—SEM, low-temperature sorption capacity of samples to nitrogen—BET, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy—XPS, FTIR-spectroscopy). According to XRD and XAS data, it was found that the composition of main phase CuBTC is [Cu3BTC2(H2O)3] × (nH2O + mC2H5OH) in both samples. The catalytic properties of CuBTC and CuBTC/C samples in the reaction of ethanol dehydrogenation were studied for the first time and the selectivity to acetaldehyde (AcH) was 100% in both cases. It was shown that on the CuBTC/C catalysis, the AcH yield is two times higher than on the CuBTC sample in the reaction of ethanol (Lewis base) dehydrogenation to acetaldehyde. This fact can be explained by the higher content of main phase CuBTC in composite CuBTC/C (~ 97.5 wt%) and the Cu2+ ions (Lewis acid sites) in bulk, the higher water and Cu2+ ions content on the particle surface in CuBTC/C (DSC, FTIR, XPS), the larger pore radii in CuBTC framework of the composite CuBTC/C (according to crystallochemical calculations) and the larger hydrogenation degree of CuBTC/C (XRD, DSC, FTIR) and the smaller specific surface area of CuBTC/C (SBET = 44.4 m2/g for CuBTC/C sample and SBET = 551.3 m2/g for CuBTC). It was found that in the reaction of propane conversion to ethylene C2H4 and methane CH4, the conversion degree on the samples CuBTC and CuBTC/C was the same from 100 °C up to 340 °C, which is caused by the absence of the Bronsted acid sites on the samples with CuBTC. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Gainanova A.A.1 , Kuz’micheva G.M.1 , Markova E.B. 2 , Zhukova A.I. 2 , Fionov Y.A. 2 , Chumakov R.G.3 , Khramov E.V. 3 , Mushtakov A.G. 2
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  • 1 MIREA—Russian Technological University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 National Research Center ‘Kurchatov Institute’, Moscow, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Acetaldehyde; Carbon carbon composites; Catalyst selectivity; Crystalline materials; Dehydrogenation; Differential scanning calorimetry; Ethanol; Ethylene; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Ions; Organic polymers; Organic solvents; Organometallics; Scanning electron microscopy; Temperature; X ray absorption spectroscopy; X ray diffraction; X ray photoelectron spectroscopy; Activated carbon composites; DSC-FTIR; Electron microscopy (SEM); Hydrothermal methods; Lows-temperatures; Metal-organic polymers; Sorption capacities; X- ray diffractions; X-ray absorption spectroscopy; XRD; Activated carbon
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