Comparative study of magnetic beads and microplates as supports in heterogeneous amplified assay of miRNA-141 by using mismatched catalytic hairpin assembly reaction

Magnetic beads (MBs) are often considered as an effective carrier in heterogeneous assays due to the simplicity of separation and washing, and the ability to increase and control the surface area. However, the effect of the MBs surface on the analytical parameters is poorly characterized and is often postulated from intuitive considerations. Herein, experimental evaluation through the comparison of MBs and microwell plate was carried out using the miRNA-141 (biomarker for cancer) as a target, the detection of which was performed by chemiluminescent assay with a homogeneous mismatched catalytic hairpin assembly (mCHA) reaction. The mCHA reaction produced double-stranded (ds) DNA labeled at one end with fluorescein (Flu) for capture with anti-Flu antibodies immobilized on a solid carrier, on the other end with biotin for recognition by streptavidin-polyperoxidase conjugate. The conditions of immobilization of anti-Flu antibody on MBs (a diameter of 440 nm) performed using a carbodiimide method were optimized by varying the antibody concentration in the reaction solution. It was shown that the dependence of chemiluminescent signal as a function of the concentration of anti-FluAb-MBs conjugates had a bell-shaped character. The maximum chemiluminescence was produced at the concentration of the conjugates of 2 × 109 particles/mL, with a surface area of 65 mm2. The identical surface area was used upon the assay performance with polystyrene microplates. Comparison of MBs- and microplate-assays for miRNA-141 determination showed that the obtained calibration curves and their detection limit values were the same and did not depend on the used carrier. The results showed that the choice of a carrier for heterogeneous assays should be guided by the convenience of the assay performance, not its surface area. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.

Safenkova I.V.1 , Burkin K.M.2 , Bodulev O.L.2 , Razo S.C. 1, 3 , Ivanov A.V. 1 , Zherdev A.V. 1 , Dzantiev B.B. 1 , Sakharov I.Y.2
Elsevier B.V.
  • 1 A.N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Centre of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospect 33, Moscow, 119071, Russian Federation
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, Bldg. 1, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
  • 3 Agrarian and Technological Institute, RUDN University, 8/2 Mikluho-Maklaya Street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Heterogeneous assay; Magnetic beads; Microplate; miRNA; Mismatched catalytic hairpin assembly
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