CHARACTERISTICS OF GUT MICROBIOTA IN AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES OF THE THYROID GLAND AND THE METHODS OF ITS CORRECTION
Gut microbiota is considered as a pathogenetic factor of various diseases nowadays. The patients with autoimmune diseases are known to suffer from dysbiosis. There arc studies in the modern literature that demonstrate changes in the composition of the gut microbiota in case of thyroid dysfunction. This review examines a contemporary view of the gut microbiota, its role in the development of autoimmune diseases. We investigated the interaction between the thyroid gland and the gut microbiota, its species composition in hypo- and hyperthyroidism. Possible methods of correction, including the use of pre- and probiotics and transplantation of fecal microbiota have been demonstrated.