The image of the world as a psychological system and its environmental determinants [ОБРАЗ МИРА КАК ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ СИСТЕМА И ЕГО ПРИРОДНО-СРЕДОВЫЕ ДЕТЕРМИНАНТЫ]

The image of the world is considered as a psychological system that includes spatial-temporal and value-semantic dimensions. The theoretical analysis of the research problem allows us to state as follows. There is a contradiction between the significance of objective natural and geographical factors in the formation of a human's lifestyle, and the lack of knowledge of their influence on the formation of his subjective image of the world. The purpose of this article is to study the determination of subjective chronotopic characteristics of the human world image by objective environmental factors. The study involved 450 residents of 10 Russian cities that differ significantly in their natural and geographical features. The following characteristics of the respondents' place of residence were evaluated: geographical latitude; the degree of discrepancy between the official time zone and the actual time set by geographical longitude; the average annual temperature; the number of sunshine hours per year. The complex of psychodiagnostic methods included the author's questionnaire of structure identity; the graphic test "Circles"; the scale of polychronous values; the scale of time value as an economic resource; the semantic differential of time; the author's methodology of studying value preferences; the test of life-meaning orientations. Natural and geographical features of the life environment determine significant differences in the spatial-temporal and value-semantic characteristics of the subjective image of the world. Representatives of the northern territories have a significant belonging to the modern generation, the semantic connectedness of the time perspective, and the subjective value of time. They see their present and future as about anxious and tense; they focus on the values of adaptation, as well as internality. Residents of warm regions have a more significant gender and family identity, semantic connectedness of the time perspective, anxiety of their present, orientation to the values of adaptation. If the officially set time goes ahead over the actual longitudinal time, it is correlated with the disturbing image of the present, the idea of saturation, brightness and iridescence of past and future, focus on the value of socialization. The environmental characteristics of residence have a significant impact on the subjective image of reality. The greatest value among the considered determinants is the geographical latitude of the place of residence. The influence of environmental determinants on the subjective parameters of the image of the world is indirectly related to the intermediate links such as economic and cultural type or psychophysiological characteristics of life activity in the corresponding natural conditions. © 2021 Tomsk State University. All rights reserved.

Yanitskiy M.S.1 , Seryy A.V.1 , Braun O.A.1 , Balabashchuk R.O.1 , Maslova O.V. 2 , Miklyaeva A.V.3 , Tereshchenko V.V.4 , Filenko I.A.5 , Sanzhaeva R.D.6 , Dagbaeva S.B.7 , Neyaskina Y.Y.8 , Kadyrov R.V.9
Tomsk State University
Номер выпуска
  • 1 Kemerovo State University, 6, Krasnaya st., Kemerovo, 650000, Russian Federation
  • 2 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, 6, Miklukho-Maklaya st., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 3 The Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, 48, Moyka Emb. (Naberezhnaya r. Moyki), St. Peters-burg, 191186, Russian Federation
  • 4 Smolensk State University, 4, Przhevalskogo st., Smolensk, 214000, Russian Federation
  • 5 Tomsk State University, 36, Lenin ave., Tomsk, 634050, Russian Federation
  • 6 Banzarov Buryat State University, 24a, Smolina st., Ulan-Ude, 670000, Russian Federation
  • 7 Transbaikal State University, 30, Aleksandro-Zavodskaya st., Chita, 672039, Russian Federation
  • 8 Vitus Bering Kamchatka State University, 4, Pogranichnaya st., Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 683032, Russian Federation
  • 9 Pacific State Medical University, 2, Ostryakova ave., Vladivostok, 690002, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Chronotope; Climate; Image of the world; Life world; Lifestyle; Meanings; Natural environment; Space; Time; Values
Дата создания
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