Catalytic properties of the framework-structured zirconium-containing phosphates in ethanol conversion

Aliphatic alcohols C1–C4 can serve as raw material for the production of essential organic products, such as olefins, aldehydes, ketones and ethers. For the development of catalysts of alcohols’ conversion, the authors considered two families of framework phosphate compounds with significant chemical, thermal and phase stability: NaZr2(PO4)3 (NZP/NASICON) and Sc2(WO4)3 (SW). Variation in the composition of zirconium-containing NZP- and SW-complex phosphates allows one to vary the number and strength of Lewis acid centers and incorporate oxidative-reducing centers (such as d-transition metals) into the structure. The phosphates M0.5+xNixZr2 − x(PO4)3 (where M are Mn and Ca) were studied in the reactions of ethanol conversion. From the results of complex investigation, the compounds with M–Mn (x = 0, 0.3 and 0.5) were crystallized in the SW-type (monoclinic symmetry), while the phosphates with M–Ca (x = 0, 0.2 and 0.4) were characterized as the NZP-structured compounds (trigonal symmetry). The surface areas and pore volumes of synthesized catalysts varied, with different compositions, from 14 to 32 m2/g and 0.03 to 0.12 mL/g, respectively. From the catalytic experiments, the main direction of conversion on all the studied catalysts was ethanol dehydrogenization with acetaldehyde formation. The other conversion products—diethyl ether and ethylene—were produced with small yields. Based on the results obtained, the NZP-sample Ca0.5Zr2(PO4)3 can be considered as a selective catalyst for producing acetaldehyde at 400 °C with a yield of 55% from its theoretical amount. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

Mayorov P.1 , Asabina E.1 , Zhukova A. 1 , Osaulenko D. 2 , Pet’kov V.1 , Lavrenov D.1 , Kovalskii A.3 , Fionov A.4
Springer Science and Business Media B.V.
  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Lobachevsky University, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation
  • 2 Physical and Colloidal Chemistry Department, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, RUDN University), 6 Miklukho-Maklaya Street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 3 NUST “MISIS”, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
  • 4 Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Ethanol conversion; Framework structure; Heterogeneous catalysis; Phosphate
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