Intercultural Competence as a Predictor of Adaptation of Foreign Students

The aim of the study is to determine the role of intercultural competence in the adaptation process of foreign students studying at Russian universities. The research is based on the author's model of intercultural competence, the main components of which are intercultural stability, intercultural interest, the lack of ethnocentrism and the management of intercultural interaction. The sample of the study consisted of 291 foreign students from Turkmenistan studying at universities in Kazan, Saratov, Penza, Rostov-on-Don, Khabarovsk, 291 students (48.5% — Women, average age is 22 years). We showed that intercultural com petence is a significant predictor in the adaptation of foreign students. We revealed different contribution of intercultural competence components to the effectiveness in the adaptation of foreign students. Among the components of intercultural competence only intercultural stability directly affects sociocultural adaptation. The absence of ethnocentrism reduces the effect of culture shock when a student enters a new cultural environment, but increases the success of his/her adaptation in this environment only together with intercultural stability. Two other components of intercultural competence: intercultural interest and the management of intercultural interaction have an impact on the successful adaptation of foreign students not directly, but through the activation of the desire to interact with Russian students and to increase the self-esteem in the effectiveness of intercultural communication with them. In turn these mediators are directly related to both psychological adaptation and intercultural stability. Thus we revealed the mechanism of intercultural competence influence on the adaptation of foreign students. The obtained results can be used to predict the adaptation of foreign students and to reduce the possible risks of their maladjustment in a new culture. © 2021. All Rights Reserved.

Gritsenko V.V.1 , Khukhlaev O.E.1 , Zinurova R.I.2 , Konstantinov V.V.3 , Kulesh E.V.4 , Malyshev I.V.5 , Novikova I.A. 6 , Chernaya A.V.7
Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
Номер выпуска
  • 1 Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, Russian Federation
  • 3 Penza State University, Penza, Russian Federation
  • 4 Pacific State University, Khabarovsk, Russian Federation
  • 5 Saratov State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky, Saratov, Russian Federation
  • 6 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 7 South Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
culture shock; ethnocentrism; foreign students; intercultural communication; intercultural competence; intercultural interest; intercultural stability; management of intercultural interaction; psychological adaptation; sociocultural adaptation
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