Detection of changes in arable chernozemic soil health based on landsat tm archive data

When soils are used for a long period of time as arable land, their properties change. This can lead to soil degradation and loss of fertility, as well as other important soil biosphere functions. Obtaining data on the trends in arable soil conditions over large areas using traditional field survey methods is expensive and time-consuming. Currently, there are large archives of satellite data that can be used to monitor the status of arable soils. The analysis of changes in the color of the surface of arable chernozem soils of the Belgorod region, for the period from 1985 to the present, has been carried out based on the analysis of Landsat TM5 satellite data and information about the spectral reflectance of the soils of the region. It is found that, on most parts of arable lands of the region, the color of the soil surface has not changed significantly since 1985. Color changes were revealed on 11% of the analyzed area. The greatest changes are connected with the humus content and moisture content of soils. The three most probable reasons for the change of humus content in an arable horizon of soils are as follows: the dehumidification of soils during plowing; the reduction of the humus content due to water erosion; and the increase in humus content due to changes in the land-use system of the region in recent years. The change in soil moisture regime has mainly been found in arable lands in river valleys, most likely conditioned by the natural evolution of soils. Trends of increasing soil moisture are prevalent. The revealed regularities testify to the high stability of arable soils in the region during the last few decades. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Savin I. 1, 2, 3 , Prudnikova E. 1, 3 , Chendev Y.2 , Bek A.2 , Kucher D. 1 , Dokukin P. 1
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  • 1 Department of System Ecology, Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 2 Department of Land Use and Land Cadaster, Belgorod State University, Belgorod, 308015, Russian Federation
  • 3 V.V. Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute, Department of Soil Geography, Moscow, 117019, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Chernozems; Dehumidification; Landsat; Soil degradation; Soil erosion
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