INNOVATIVE APPROACHES IN THE METHOD OF TEACHING OF RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE: MNEMONIC RECEPTIONS
The article is devoted to the consideration of the problem of developing new methods of teaching Russian to foreigners on the basis of widespread use during the training of mnemonic techniques. In recent decades, there have occurred rapid changes in the field of obtaining and assimilating information, which has a significant impact on the learning process, especially the teaching of foreign languages. There are new opportunities for creating specialized training programs that make it easier, faster and more comprehensively to learn a foreign language, slowly forming the skills of a system interpretation of foreign information, but new opportunities create a number of difficulties of practical character for teachers and developers of various courses and programs associated with the introduction of new techniques in a single system of teaching and development of effective models of teaching. The authors carefully analyze the process of changing the methods of teaching Russian to foreigners who are studying at Russian universities and note that there is going on a transition from methods based on classical mnemotechnic which are based on mechanisms of visual (figurative) thinking to methods of pedagogical mnemonics concentrating on the development of speech thinking, that is, on the search for patterns in memorized information, its classification and systematization. The study presents a specially developed author's methodology for teaching Russian to foreigners and the results of its practical testing, as well as an original method based on the use of mnemonic techniques, the selection and distribution of lexico-grammatical, verbal and textual material. According to the authors, this technique will significantly contribute to the successful mastering of Russian by foreign students and will be useful in creating interactive textbooks.
Ivanov I.V. ,
Guseva I. ,