The article is devoted to the problem of linguistic specific features of Chinese language and methodological development of curriculum for Chinese language learning through the use of film material in educational process, with a particular emphasis on the students studying Chinese outside China. This paper systematically focuses on those aspects of contemporary Chinese language which are the most difficult to assimilate, critically revises different approaches to the organisation of the educational process for students with different levels of knowledge. The paper shows the author's methodic use of film footage as a way to create in class the conditions, presenting Chinese language environment that is intended to help students to master their listening skills. The article presents the detailed linguistic and methodological explanations of the developed teaching system. Special attention is paid to the attempt to reveal the universal principles of the programme implementation, using film materials at different stages of learning. The authors give practical recommendations aimed at formation among the students, as soon as possible, general and specialized knowledge of spoken Chinese language and ability to use it, as well as development of the ability of listening to spoken speech at a natural pace. This work is based on the analysis of a number of Russian and Chinese researchers and practical experiments by the authors.