Methodological aspects of the assessment of phytotoxic properties of ice-melter reagents

One of the main criteria which determine the possibility of the use of a particular type of ice-melter reagents (IMR) is the degree of their safety for the environment and human health, which is reflected in the establishment of safe doses and concentrations. In this regard, the current area of research is to improve the ecological and epidemiological principles of risk assessment of modern types of anti-icing agents. Currently available data concerning monitoring soil studies and the snow held in various cities of Russia, show that there is a process of accumulation of the main components of IMR - sodium and chlorine ions in the areas related to the roadway. The article is designated a problem of existing methodological approaches to the assessment of the phytotoxic impact in the investigation of anti-icing agents in the laboratory. There was executed the comparative characteristics of the results of the preliminary pilot studies on the phytotoxic properties of IMR under using different substrates for germination of seeds - soil and filter paper. The data obtained are characterized by differences in the degree of phytotoxic action of the same species depending upon ice-melter reagents methodical setting circuit laboratory experiment. As a result, there was shown the imperfection of the existing method of rapid analysis in relation to ice-melter materials (IMM). © 2016 Izdatel'stvo Meditsina. All rights reserved.

Sbitnev A.V. 1, 2 , Vodianova M.A.1 , Kriatov I.A.1 , Donerian L.G.1 , Evseeva I.S.1 , Ushakova O.V.1 , Ushakov D.I.1 , Matveeva I.S.1 , Rodionova O.M. 2
Izdatel'stvo Meditsina
Номер выпуска
  • 1 A.N. Sysin Research Institute of Human Ecology and Environmental Health, Moscow, 119121, Russian Federation
  • 2 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Anti slippery surface; Class of hazardous substances; Dilution threshold; Experienced seeds; Filter paper; Fitotesting; Guidelines; Hygienic assessment; Ice-melter materials (IMM); Ice-melter reagents (IMR); Mid-effective breeding; Multicomponent chemical; Nutrient medium; Phytotoxic effect; Phytotoxicity criterion; Sod-podzolic soil; Toxic-metric indices
Дата создания
Дата изменения
Постоянная ссылка

Другие записи

Vasyuk Yu.A., Ivanova S.V., Shkolnik E.L., Kotovskaya Yu.V., Milyagin V.A., Oleynikov V.E., Orlova Ya.A., Sumin A.N., Baranov A.A., Boytsov S.A., Galyavich A.S., Kobalava Zh.D., Kozhevnikova O.V., Konradi A.O., Lopatin Yu.М., Mareev V.Yu., Novikova D.S., Oganov R.G., Rogoza A.N., Rotar O.P., Sergatskaya N.V., Skibitsky V.V.
Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention (Russian Federation). Vserossiiskoe Obshchestvo Kardiologov. Том 15. 2016. С. 4-19