Meta-analysis of the studies dedicated to the predictive significance of circulating tumor DNA in pancreatic cancer [Метаанализ исследований, посвященных прогностической значимости циркулирующей опухолевой ДНК при раке поджелудочной железы]

The method of liquid biopsy allows detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in patient blood, but the clinical significance of this approach in pancreatic cancer is still unclear. In this regard, we have carried out a meta-analysis of the studies dedicated to the predictive significance of ctDNA in pancreatic cancer. Materials and methods. We carried out the search for the articles and abstracts in PubMed, ASCO and ESMO databases published before February 2020, containing data about the connection between ctDNA and the prognosis of pancreatic cancer. The exclusion criteria were the studies including 10 or less participating patients, absence of the data about the relative risk of mortality and/or progression, and the 95% confidence interval. The meta-analysis was carried out by using the Review Manager software (RevMan), Version 5.3. Results. There were no significant systematic errors associated with the publications. The presence of ctDNA in patient blood showed poor overall survival of patients (odds ratio – OR 2.21, 95% confidence interval – CI 1.35-3.33, p=0.001) regardless of the prevalence of the disease. In case of the resectable process, the detection of ctDNA in patient blood both before and after surgery was a factor of worse progression-free survival (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.54–3.5, p<0.001 and OR 3.06, 95% CI 1.63–5.76, р=0.0005 and overall survival (OR 2.01, 95% CI 1.12–3.63, р=0,02 and OR 3.39, 95% CI 2.12–5.44, р<0.00001, respectively). Conclusions. The detection of ctDNA in the bloodstream in pancreatic cancer patients is a factor of poor prognosis in both localized and advanced cancer. It is very important to make further prospective studies to develop the optimal protocol for detecting ctDNA in patient bloodstream. © 2020 Consilium Medikum. All rights reserved.

Popova A.S. 1 , Fedyanin M.Yu. 1, 2, 3 , Pokataev I.A.1, 4 , Tyulyandin S.A.1
Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Медицинское маркетинговое агентство МедиаМедика
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  • 1 Blokhin National Medical Research Center of Oncology, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 People’s Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 City Clinical Hospital №40, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 4 City Clinical Oncological Hospital №1, Moscow, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Circulating tumor DNA; Disease-free survival; Pancreatic cancer; Predictive factor; The overall survival
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