The relevance of the problem under study is due to the need for digital transformation of management in Russia in the context of improving the legal regulation of countering dangerous infringements of information rights and the insufficient development of theoretical, substantive, technological and scientific-conceptual aspects of the formation of a legal concepts base for their applicability in legal constructions. The purpose of the article is to develop scientifically sound and verified practice of terminology in the field of research on countering dangerous attacks on children’s information rights and testing them for use in the course of improving Russian legislation and so on. The leading method for studying this problem is the formal legal method, which allows us to consider this problem as a process of deliberate and conscious mastering by children of knowledge, skills and abilities to carry out information and legal actions in the digital sphere only if their information security is fully ensured. The article presents the author’s concept of digital rights and children’s information interests; The scientific foundations of their implementation in the context of digital transformation of management in Russia are revealed. The developed theoretical provisions and proposals for improving the legislation are aimed at adapting minors to new conditions of governance in the information society and are focused on the development by the legal science and practice of scientific and methodological support for the legal regulation of counteraction to dangerous encroachments on children’s information rights. © 2021, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.