Soil organic matter formation is controlled by the chemistry and bioavailability of organic carbon inputs across different land uses

Soil organic matter (SOM) formation involves microbial transformation of plant materials of various quality with physico-chemical stabilisation via soil aggregation. Land use and vegetation type can affect the litter chemistry and bioavailability of organic carbon (OC), and consequently influence the processing and stabilisation of OC into SOM. We used 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR) and hot-water extraction to assess the changes in chemical composition and labile OC fractions during the transformation processes from leaf to litter to SOM depending on land use and vegetation type. The hot-water-extractable OC (HWEOC) decreased from leaf (43–65 g kg−1) to litter (19–23 g kg−1) to SOM (8–16 g kg−1) similar in four land use types: grassland, sugarcane, forest and banana. These trends demonstrated the uniform converging pathways of OC transformation and increasing stability by SOM formation. The preferential decomposition and decrease of labile OC fractions (∑% di-O-alkyl, O-alkyl and methoxyl) from leaf (54–69%) to SOM (41–43%) confirmed the increasing stability of the remaining compounds. Despite differences in the biochemical composition of the leaf tissues among the vegetation types, the proportions of labile OC fractions in SOM were similar across land uses. The OC content of soil was higher in forest (7.9%) and grassland (5.2%) compared to sugarcane (2.3%) and banana (3.0%). Consequently, the HWEOC per unit of soil weight was higher in forest and grassland (2.0 and 1.2 g kg−1 soil, respectively) compared to sugarcane and banana (0.3 and 0.4 g kg soil−1, respectively). The availability of labile SOM is dependent on the quantity of SOM not the chemical composition of SOM. In conclusion, labile OC fractions in SOM, as identified by 13C NMR, were similar across land use regardless of vegetation type and consequently, SOM formation leads to convergence of chemical composition despite diversity of OC sources. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

Bahadori M.1, 2 , Chen C.1, 2 , Lewis S.3 , Boyd S.2 , Rashti M.R.1, 2 , Esfandbod M.1, 2 , Garzon-Garcia A.1, 4 , Van Zwieten L. , Kuzyakov Y. 6, 7, 8
Elsevier B.V.
  • 1 Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia
  • 2 School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia
  • 3 Catchment to Reef Research Group, Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
  • 4 Department of Environment and Science, GPO Box 5078, Brisbane, 4001, Australia
  • 5 NSW Department of Primary Industries, Wollongbar Primary Industries Institute, Wollongbar, NSW 2477, Australia
  • 6 Department of Soil Science of Temperate Ecosystems, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, 37077, Germany
  • 7 Agro-Technological Institute, RUDN University, 117198, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 8 Institute of Environmental Sciences, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, 420049, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
13C CPMAS NMR; Carbon sequestration; Hot water extractable C and N
Дата создания
Дата изменения
Постоянная ссылка

Другие записи