INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
The pursuit of security is one of the basic human needs, which at the level of a stateorganized society is transformed into the category of national security in the conditions of various social and natural man-made threats. Understanding of national security and the implementation of individual measures to maintain it are based in national interests, which are the national striving for sustainable development, improvement of welfare, improvement of technology, science and culture, strengthening the role in the international arena due to a combination of economic development and military threats, history and traditions, as well as other factors. A modern factor that should be taken into account when realizing the problems that exist in the area of ensuring national security, as well as understanding the changing geopolitical situation, is climate change. For Russian legal science, special attention to environmental issues and the need to preserve the natural balance on the planet for present and future generations are not new. Issues of environmental culture were updated in the Soviet period. Of particular note is Russia's role in shaping the international legal regime on climate change, which is also recognized in foreign legal literature. It was the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by the Russian Federation in 2005, under conditions when the Bush administration refused to ratify it, which threatened the future of the protocol, allowed the mechanism envisaged by the Kyoto Protocol to be launched. Russia's position on climate change and the international legal regime that is being formed to address the issues arising in connection with this factor is based on its national interests, due, in particular, to the geopolitical alignment, historical traditions, and level of economic development. Perspectives include such areas as making a positive contribution to the formation of an international legal climate regime, taking leading positions on a number of climate change issues, developing adaptation measures related to global warming, in particular in the Arctic, improving forestry to reduce climate change, developing principles justice in the international climatic regime.