Enhancing the anti-biofilm activity of 5-aryl-2-aminoimidazoles through nature inspired dimerisation

The increased tolerance of biofilms against disinfectants and antibiotics has stimulated research into new methods of biofilm prevention and eradication. In our previous work, we have identified the 5-aryl-2-aminoimidazole core as a scaffold that demonstrates preventive activity against biofilm formation of a broad range of bacterial and fungal species. Inspired by the dimeric nature of natural 2-aminoimidazoles of the oroidin family, we investigated the potential of dimers of our decorated 5-aryl-2-aminoimidazoles as biofilm inhibitors. A synthetic approach towards 2-aminoimidazole dimers linked by an alkyl chain was developed and a total of 48 dimers were synthesized. The linkers were introduced at two different positions, the N1-position or the N2-position, and the linker length and the substitution of the 5-phenyl ring (H, F, Cl, Br) were varied. Although, no clear correlation between linker length and biofilm inhibition was observed, a strong increase in anti-biofilm activity for almost all N1,N1′-linked dimers was obtained, compared to the respective monomers against Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The N2,N2′-linked dimers, having a H- or F-substitution, were also found to show a strong increase in anti-biofilm activity compared to the respective monomers against these three bacterial species and against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In addition, the obtained growth measurements suggest a broad concentration range with specific biofilm inhibition and no effect on the planktonic growth against Salmonella Typhimurium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. © 2018

Trang T.T.T.1 , Dieltjens L.2 , Hooyberghs G.1 , Waldrant K.2 , Ermolat'ev D.S.1 , Van Der Eycken E.V. , Steenackers H.P.L.2
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  • 1 Laboratory for Organic & Microwave-Assisted Chemistry (LOMAC), Department of Chemistry, University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Celestijnenlaan 200F, Leuven, B-3001, Belgium
  • 2 Centre of Microbial and Plant Genetics (CMPG), Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems, University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, Leuven, B-3001, Belgium
  • 3 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6 Miklukho-Maklaya StreetMoscow 117198, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
2-Aminoimidazoles; Biofilm inhibition; Dimers; Microwave assisted synthesis
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