The article is devoted to the effectiveness of humanitarian education that is largely determined by correctly found methods of working with the audience. Dialogical form of education, stimulating active creativity of students, continues to prove its viability and effectiveness. Its advantages are even more highlighted against the background of actively implemented in recent forms of testing and online education. At the same time, it is necessary to look for other active and interactive methods, involving all possible ways of learning, including achievements in the field of computer educational technologies. The effectiveness of the students' personal development largely depends on the space in which he/she plunges into the educational and extracurricular time. Therefore, the process of modern education involves the creation of a special sociocultural environment in the University. The more natural this space is, the more natural is the process of personal development. At the same time, the sociocultural environment is not only self-adjusting, but also a regulated system that requires attention and effort. The concept of education as a process of sociocultural identification is particularly relevant for foreign students studying in Russia. For them, the formation of sociocultural identity is a process of sociocultural adaptation. The study of the Russian language is fundamentally important in this process. It seems that the inclusion of linguistic and cultural knowledge in the process of teaching Russian to foreigners ensures the strength of their speech skills, contributes to a more successful adaptation of students to the Russian sociocultural environment. That's why teachers of the Faculty of Russian Language and General Educational Disciplines of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) combine the teaching of Russian with the simultaneous study of modern culture, starting at the initial stage of training. They pay special attention to such types of extracurricular activity as a lesson-concert, thematic evenings, student competitions, Olympiads etc. These after-class activities are a powerful tool for the development of listening and speaking skills. They play an important cognitive role while helping the students to adapt to the new social reality. A great help in the process of adaptation is provided by the teacher himself. The teachers' professionalism and pedagogical tact are used to create a favorable atmosphere in the classroom. Furthermore, it is of high importance that the teachers' sociocultural identity has strong foundations. The foreign students, in order to activate their readiness for tolerant interaction (not only with members of their group, but also with other people regardless their national, cultural, religious or other views) should be educated in a tolerant environment that is created by the teacher. One of the main mechanisms of teaching tolerance is dialogue. That is why, we believe it is necessary to organize creative and cultural group activities during the whole process of teaching Russian. Nowadays, the teacher needs to link the educational process with extracurricular activities to gain the educational interest of the students and nourish their sociocultural adaptation.

Oganezova A. , Temkina N. , Koutsoni O.
Сборник материалов конференции
IATED Academy
Ключевые слова
sociocultural identification; extracurricular work; process of adaptation; tolerance
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