Anaesthetic efficacy and biochemical effects of 1,8-cineole in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum, 1792)

The aim of the present study was to investigate the anaesthetic efficacy and biochemical effects of 1,8-cineole (cineole) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The fish were exposed to 200, 300, 400, 500, 600 and 800 μl/L cineole and time of induction of anaesthesia and recovery from anaesthesia were recorded. Thereafter, the fish haematological and biochemical responses to anaesthesia with different concentrations of cineole were studies. Moreover, the haematological and biochemical response of fish anaesthetized for 300 s with either cineole (283 μl/L) or eugenol (25 μl/L) were compared. Cineole at the concentrations of 200–800 μl/L induced stages 2, 3 and 4 anaesthesia within 109-29.3, 226-59 and 418-117 s respectively. Increase in anaesthesia induction time led to higher stress responses and enzymes’ activity characterized by elevation in red blood cell (RBC), white blood cell (WBC), blood haematocrit and haemoglobin, and plasma cortisol, glucose and lactate levels, and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase and creatine phosphokinase (CPK) activities. However, cineole concentrations had no significant effects on plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity and ions levels. Comparison of cineole with eugenol showed that cineole showed less change in blood RBC and plasma AST, ALP, CPK, cortisol and glucose levels compared to eugenol. In conclusion, cineole is efficient to anaesthetize trout at concentrations of 200–800 μl/L. Increase in cineole concentration shortens anaesthesia induction time, stress response and probably tissue damage. The concentrations of 600–800 μl/L cineol is recommended for rapid sampling as it causes the least stress and enzymatic responses. The present results suggest that cineole causes slightly lower side effects in trout compared to eugenol. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Авторы
Taheri Mirghaed A. , Ghelichpour M.1 , Zargari A.2 , Yousefi M. 3
Редакторы
-
Журнал
Издательство
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Номер выпуска
6
Язык
Английский
Страницы
2156-2165
Статус
Опубликовано
Подразделение
-
Номер
-
Том
49
Год
2018
Организации
  • 1 Department of Aquatic Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
  • 2 Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marin Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Iran
  • 3 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
anaesthesia; cineole; fish; haematology; stress
Дата создания
19.10.2018
Дата изменения
19.10.2018
Постоянная ссылка
https://repository.rudn.ru/ru/records/article/record/6622/