Figures of Thanatos and Eros in "The Tale of Peter and Fevronia of Murom": The Experience of Cultural Modeling
The article discusses the cultural philosophical paradigm of Thanatos - Eros, which manifested itself in the old Russian "Tale of Peter and Fevronia of Murom". The question is raised about the transformation of the folk tradition, about the emergence of ritual reality in the text of the story. The Christian worldview of the era of the creation of this work did not exclude the ideas of mythological and folklore consciousness. The story, chosen as the research material, is unique in its content, since it reflects the processes of transition from the traditional to the "revolutionary" type of culture, which is captured at the level of details and symbols in the text; it reflects socio-cultural transformations. As the main text in the text, the borderline (marginal) situation was chosen - illness and marriage and the complex of motives associated with it (the motive for searching for a narrowed bride, the motive for things of the wife, the motive for snaking, etc.). The methodological basis of the work was the materials of V.Ya. Propp, V.Ya. Petrukhina, V.M. Zhirmunsky, E.M. Meletinsky, M.B. Plukhanova. The comparative typological, structural-functional and systematic method of text analysis is applied. As a result, the contradiction between the interaction of two cultural traditions is resolved. Ethnographic parallels made it possible to read the work of Old Russian bookishness in a different way; raise the question of the interaction of folklore and literary tradition in theoretical terms.