THE CONCEPT OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS: THE ROLE OF THE INTERPRETER IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS
The research is devoted to the language of criminal proceedings in terms of involving the interpreter in the process. The purpose of the paper is to analyse the concept of criminal proceedings and the role of the interpreter in criminal cases. The criminal procedure science in its terminological turnover is of current interest as it implies such a concept as the principle of legal language and it needs a clear and comprehensive interpretation. Criminal justice is quite a broad term that covers a wide range of different aspects such as the procedure to investigate criminal conduct, to gather evidence, to make arrests, to bring charges against offenders, to secure defence, to conduct trials, to render verdicts and to order punishment. The criminal process is part of the legal system of both National and International law. The European Council Committee pointed out that when one of the parties to the process does not have sufficient knowledge of the language in which proceedings are conducted attention should be drawn to the interpretation and translation problems (Recommendation No. R (81) 7 of May 14, 1981, "On measures facilitating access to justice"). The theoretical aspect of the article is that it focuses on a number of aspects of an interpreter's involvement in criminal proceeding as well as in preliminary investigation of criminal cases. The article also lays particular emphasis on tactics and strategies to cope with translation and interpreting activities, to creatively develop and update interpreting techniques through comprehensive analysis of professional activities findings.