Label-free sorting of iPS cells during neuronal differentiation using FLIM and multiphoton fluorescence microscopy

The changes in cell metabolism can affect the epigenome-modifying enzymes activity during iPSCs differentiation and thus control the functional potential of the final cell. Therefore, for therapeutic applications, the restoration of a fully functional mitochondrial network specific for the cell types derived from iPSCs will be required to support the energy and other mitochondrial factors. Recently, FLIM method allows to study the metabolic changes that accompanying cell differentiation noninvasively and without additional labels. In this study, we investigated the metabolic changes in iPSCs during neural differentiation using two-photon fluorescence microscopy and FLIM. Cellular metabolism was examined by monitoring the optical redox ratio (FAD/NAD(P)H), the fluorescence lifetime contributions of the free and bound forms of NADH and NADPH. Given that neural differentiation is also accompanied by synthetic proceßes and oxidative streß, this proceß was included in the scope of this work. We demonstrated an increased contribution of protein-bound NADH and NADPH in neuron aßociated with metabolic switch to oxidative phosphorylation and the biosynthetic proceßes or oxidative streß, respectively. We also found that the optical redox ratio FAD/NAD(P)H decreased during neural differentiation, and this was likely to be explained by the intensive lipid membrane synthesis or ROS generating and the enhanced NADPH production aßociated with them. The biochemical analysis was carried out to verify the metabolic status of iPSCs and their neural derivatives. Based on the data on glucose consumption, lactate and ATP amount we registered the trend to the metabolic pathways redistribution towards the oxidative phosphorylation in neuron. © COPYRIGHT SPIE. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.

Meleshina A.1 , Rodimova S.1 , Dashinimaev E.2 , Artyuhov A.3 , Mescheryakova N. 4 , Kashina A.1 , Kryukov E.1 , Elagin V.1 , Reunov D.1 , Vorotelyak E.2, 3, 5 , Zagaynova E.1
Сборник материалов конференции
  • 1 Institute of Biomedical Technologies, Privolzhsky Research Medical University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation
  • 2 Koltzov Institute of Developmental Biology, Rußian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 Pirogov Rußian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 4 Rudn University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 5 Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
FAD; FLIM; Induced pluripotent stem cells; Metabolism; NAD(P)H; Neural differentiation
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