Interactive effects of stocking density and dietary supplementation with Nano selenium and garlic extract on growth, feed utilization, digestive enzymes, stress responses, and antioxidant capacity of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella

The effects of dietary Nano selenium (Se) and garlic extract on the performance of grass carp under different stocking densities were examined. Fish (2.10 ± 0.09 g) were stocked into 18 tanks: fish were fed a diet supplemented with 1 mg Nano Se and 1 g garlic kg−1 diet (Diet1) or a diet supplemented with 2 mg Nano Se and 2 g garlic kg−1 diet (Diet2) and reared at low (LD, 24 fish per tank), medium (MD, 48 fish per tank), and high (HD, 96 fish per tank) stocking densities. After 60 days, growth was highest in Diet2-LD and Diet2-MD groups and lowest in Diet1-HD group. Results showed an extreme low or high density induced stress responses. At all densities, serum cortisol and glucose levels were significantly lower and amylase and lipase activities were higher in fish fed diet 2. The protease, catalase, and GPx activities were highest in the Diet2-MD group. The highest SOD activity was observed in medium-density groups. The serum malondialdehyde level was lowest in Diet2-LD and Diet2-MD groups. Thus, higher dietary levels of Nano Se and garlic are recommended to suppress stress and improve growth, digestive activity, and antioxidant capacity in grass carp. In addition, farming fish at medium density is the most optimal aquaculture practice. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of World Aquaculture Society.

Adineh H.1 , Naderi M.2 , Nazer A.1 , Yousefi M. 3 , Ahmadifar E.4
Blackwell Publishing Inc.
  • 1 Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gonbad Kavous University, Gonbad Kavous, Golestan, Iran
  • 2 Department of Fisheries, Iran Fisheries Organization, Behbahan, Khouzestan, Iran
  • 3 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 4 Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
Ключевые слова
Allium sativum; grass carp; Nano selenium; stocking density; stress
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