Early structural and functional left ventricular disorders in young patients with hypertension: A role of insulin resistance

Cardiac remodeling refers to factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension (HTN). Changes in myocardial structure and function can be caused not only by hemodynamic causes, but also a number of metabolic disorders. Aim. To analyze the associations of insulin resistance and left ventricular (LV) remodeling in a cohort of young patients with untreated uncomplicated hypertension and high normal blood pressure (BP). Material and methods. The presented cohort cross-sectional study included 105 subjects. We analyzed clinical, demographic and anthropometric characteristics, performed a biochemical panel (creatinine, potassium, lipid profile, glucose, insulin, uric acid) with the estimation of insulin resistance scores (HOMA-IR, METs-IR, TyG), a glycosylated hemoglobin test. Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio was determined. Office and 24-hour ambulatory BP measurement and two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography were performed in all patients. Results. The median age was 23 years (men — 85%); 51% of participants were overweight or obese, 39% had dyslipidemia, 21% — insulin resistance. Signs of LV remodeling were observed in 38 (40%) subjects: 32 (34%) — concentric remode-ling, 5 (5%) — concentric LV hypertrophy (LVH), 1 (1%) — eccentric LVH. Defects of LV systolic global longitudinal strain (GLS) were observed in 44 (47%) young patients with HTN and preHTN. Stepwise multivariate regression analysis revealed that the TyG index was an independent predictor of LV GLS defects (b=0,38, p=0,001). Conclusion. In a cohort of young patients with HTN and high normal blood pressure, there is a high prevalence of insulin resistance, metabolic disorders, and early signs of LV remodeling and subclinical systolic dysfunction. The TyG index, available for estimation by routine biochemical tests, is an independent factor affecting the LV GLS. © 2020, Silicea-Poligraf. All rights reserved.

Авторы
Shavarova E.K. 1 , Kobalava Z.D. 1 , Yezhova N.E. 1 , Khomova I.A. 1 , Bazdyreva E.I.2
Издательство
Silicea-Poligraf
Номер выпуска
3
Язык
Русский
Страницы
33-41
Статус
Опубликовано
Номер
3774
Том
25
Год
2020
Организации
  • 1 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 V.V. Vinogradov City Clinical Hospital, Moscow, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Hypertension; Insulin resistance; Left ventricular hypertrophy; Left ventricular strain; Left ventricular systolic global longitudinal strain; Prehypertension; Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography; Young patients
Дата создания
02.11.2020
Дата изменения
02.11.2020
Постоянная ссылка
https://repository.rudn.ru/ru/records/article/record/65274/
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